The in vivo reparative potential of Cardiac Stem Cells (CSC), cultured from explanted failing hearts (E-), is impaired by cellular senescence. Moreover, E-CSC are characterized, with respect to CSC obtained from healthy donors (D-), by an arrest in the autophagic degradation. Although the lysosome plays a pivotal role in cellular homeostasis and defects of this organelle may be associated with aging and heart failure, the lysosomal function of CSC has never been investigated. The aim of this work was to focus on the Lysosomal Compartment (LC) of E-CSC, evaluating elements that could jeopardize lysosome functionality. METHODS AND RESULTS: Bioinformatics analysis conducted on genes differentially expressed between D- and E-CSC identified lysosomal-related gene sets as significantly enriched. Moreover, 29 differentially expressed genes were part of CLEAR (Coordinated Lysosomal Expression and Regulation) gene network, by which Transcription Factor EB (TFEB) regulates cellular clearance. Consistently, live cell imaging and flow cytometry analyses showed that the lysosomes of E-CSC are less acidic than the D-CSC ones. Furthermore, confocal microscopy showed in E-CSC: an accumulation of intralysosomal lipofuscins, a reduction of cathepsin B activity, evidence of lysosome membrane permeabilization, and the reduction of the nuclear active TFEB. The use of Rapamycin (TORC1 inhibitor) was able on one hand to increase TFEB activation and, on the other hand, to reduce lipofuscin mass, potentiating the lysosomal functionality. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated for the first time that E-CSC are characterized by a blunted activation of TFEB and an altered proteostasis. TORC1 hyperactivation plays a central role in this phenomenon.

Critical role of lysosomes in the dysfunction of human Cardiac Stem Cells obtained from failing hearts

piazza, silvano;CIANI, YARI;VERARDO, ROBERTO;TOFFOLETTO, BARBARA;SINAGRA, GIANFRANCO;ALEKSOVA, ANETA;
2016

Abstract

The in vivo reparative potential of Cardiac Stem Cells (CSC), cultured from explanted failing hearts (E-), is impaired by cellular senescence. Moreover, E-CSC are characterized, with respect to CSC obtained from healthy donors (D-), by an arrest in the autophagic degradation. Although the lysosome plays a pivotal role in cellular homeostasis and defects of this organelle may be associated with aging and heart failure, the lysosomal function of CSC has never been investigated. The aim of this work was to focus on the Lysosomal Compartment (LC) of E-CSC, evaluating elements that could jeopardize lysosome functionality. METHODS AND RESULTS: Bioinformatics analysis conducted on genes differentially expressed between D- and E-CSC identified lysosomal-related gene sets as significantly enriched. Moreover, 29 differentially expressed genes were part of CLEAR (Coordinated Lysosomal Expression and Regulation) gene network, by which Transcription Factor EB (TFEB) regulates cellular clearance. Consistently, live cell imaging and flow cytometry analyses showed that the lysosomes of E-CSC are less acidic than the D-CSC ones. Furthermore, confocal microscopy showed in E-CSC: an accumulation of intralysosomal lipofuscins, a reduction of cathepsin B activity, evidence of lysosome membrane permeabilization, and the reduction of the nuclear active TFEB. The use of Rapamycin (TORC1 inhibitor) was able on one hand to increase TFEB activation and, on the other hand, to reduce lipofuscin mass, potentiating the lysosomal functionality. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated for the first time that E-CSC are characterized by a blunted activation of TFEB and an altered proteostasis. TORC1 hyperactivation plays a central role in this phenomenon.
Pubblicato
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167527316308506
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Int j cardiol.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Copyright Editore
Dimensione 1.8 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.8 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
2878311_Int j cardiol-PostPrint.pdf

embargo fino al 26/04/2017

Descrizione: Post Print VQR3 - This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Elsevier in International Journal of Cardiology on 26 Apr 2016, available online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.04.155
Tipologia: Bozza finale post-referaggio (post-print)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 2.32 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.32 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2878311
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 6
  • Scopus 16
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 16
social impact