BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients who underwent a successful repair of the aortic coarctation show chronic hyperdynamic state and normal left ventricular (LV) geometry; however, there are few data regarding the LV systolic function in the long term. Accordingly, we assessed LV systolic mechanics and factors associated with LV systolic dysfunction (LVSD) in patients with repaired CoA. METHODS: Clinical and echocardiographic data from 19 repaired CoA were analyzed 28 ± 13 years after surgery. Stress-corrected midwall shortening (sc-MS) and mitral annular peak systolic velocity (S') were analyzed as indexes of LV circumferential and longitudinal systolic function, respectively. Echocardiographic data of CoA patients were compared with 19 patients matched for age and hypertension and 38 healthy controls. Sc-MS was considered impaired if <89%, S' if <8.5 cm/s (10th percentiles of healthy controls, respectively). RESULTS: There were no statistical differences between study groups in LV volumes, mass and geometry. LV ejection fraction and Sc-MS were similar in all groups, however, CoA group had a significantly lower peak S' in comparison with matched and healthy controls (7.1 ± 1.3, 10.3 ± 1.9, and 11.1 ± 1.5, respectively; all P < 0.001). Prevalence of longitudinal LVSD defined as low S' was 84% in CoA, 13% in matched, and 5% in healthy control group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that low peak S' was independently related to higher E/E' ratio and the presence of CoA. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who underwent a successful repair of CoA commonly show asymptomatic longitudinal LVSD associated with worse LV diastolic function in the long-term follow-up.

Insights from Cardiac Mechanics after Three Decades from Successfully Repaired Aortic Coarctation

FISICARO, MAURIZIO;MAZZONE, CARMINE;HUMAR, FRANCO;Pandullo, Claudio;BARBATI, GIULIA;DI LENARDA, ANDREA;
2016

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients who underwent a successful repair of the aortic coarctation show chronic hyperdynamic state and normal left ventricular (LV) geometry; however, there are few data regarding the LV systolic function in the long term. Accordingly, we assessed LV systolic mechanics and factors associated with LV systolic dysfunction (LVSD) in patients with repaired CoA. METHODS: Clinical and echocardiographic data from 19 repaired CoA were analyzed 28 ± 13 years after surgery. Stress-corrected midwall shortening (sc-MS) and mitral annular peak systolic velocity (S') were analyzed as indexes of LV circumferential and longitudinal systolic function, respectively. Echocardiographic data of CoA patients were compared with 19 patients matched for age and hypertension and 38 healthy controls. Sc-MS was considered impaired if <89%, S' if <8.5 cm/s (10th percentiles of healthy controls, respectively). RESULTS: There were no statistical differences between study groups in LV volumes, mass and geometry. LV ejection fraction and Sc-MS were similar in all groups, however, CoA group had a significantly lower peak S' in comparison with matched and healthy controls (7.1 ± 1.3, 10.3 ± 1.9, and 11.1 ± 1.5, respectively; all P < 0.001). Prevalence of longitudinal LVSD defined as low S' was 84% in CoA, 13% in matched, and 5% in healthy control group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that low peak S' was independently related to higher E/E' ratio and the presence of CoA. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who underwent a successful repair of CoA commonly show asymptomatic longitudinal LVSD associated with worse LV diastolic function in the long-term follow-up.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/chd.12310/full
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Faganello_et_al-2016-Congenital_Heart_Disease.pdf

non disponibili

Descrizione: articolo
Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Digital Rights Management non definito
Dimensione 133.4 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
133.4 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2882450
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact