BACKGROUND: The role of percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR) in patients with end-stage heart failure (HF) and functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is unclear. METHODS: Seventy-five consecutive patients with FMR grade≥3+ and severe HF symptoms despite optimal medical therapy and resynchronization therapy underwent PMVR with the MitraClip system (Abbott, Abbott Park, IL, USA) at 3 centers. Clinical evaluation, echocardiography and pro-BNP measurement were performed at baseline and at 6-month. RESULTS: Mean age was 67±11years, logistic EuroSCORE=23±18%, left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) 30±9%. In 6 patients (8%) PMVR was performed as a bridge to heart transplant; many patients were dependent from iv diuretics and/or inotropes. Rate of serious adverse in-hospital events was 1.3% (1 patient who died after conversion to cardiac surgery). Sixty-three patients (84%) were discharged with MR≤2+. At 6-month, 4 patients died (5%), 80% had MR≤2+ and 75% were in New York Heart Association class ≤II. Median pro-BNP decreased from 4395pg/ml to 2594pg/ml (p=0.04). There were no significant changes in LV end-diastolic volume (222±75ml vs. 217±79, p=0.19), end-systolic volume (LVESV, 154±66ml vs. 156±69, p=0.54) and LVEF (30±9% vs. 30±12%, p=0.86). Significant reverse remodeling (reduction of LVESV≥10%) was observed in 25%, without apparent association with baseline characteristics. The number of hospitalizations for HF in comparison with the 6months before PMVR were reduced from 1.1±0.8 to 0.3±0.6 (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In extreme risk HF patients with FMR, PMVR improved symptoms and reduced re-hospitalization and pro-BNP levels at 6months, despite the lack of LV reverse remodeling.

Percutaneous mitral valve repair: The last chance for symptoms improvement in advanced refractory chronic heart failure?

STOLFO, DAVIDE;PINAMONTI, BRUNO;SALVI, ALESSANDRO;DE LUCA, ANTONIO;SINAGRA, GIANFRANCO;
2017

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The role of percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR) in patients with end-stage heart failure (HF) and functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is unclear. METHODS: Seventy-five consecutive patients with FMR grade≥3+ and severe HF symptoms despite optimal medical therapy and resynchronization therapy underwent PMVR with the MitraClip system (Abbott, Abbott Park, IL, USA) at 3 centers. Clinical evaluation, echocardiography and pro-BNP measurement were performed at baseline and at 6-month. RESULTS: Mean age was 67±11years, logistic EuroSCORE=23±18%, left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) 30±9%. In 6 patients (8%) PMVR was performed as a bridge to heart transplant; many patients were dependent from iv diuretics and/or inotropes. Rate of serious adverse in-hospital events was 1.3% (1 patient who died after conversion to cardiac surgery). Sixty-three patients (84%) were discharged with MR≤2+. At 6-month, 4 patients died (5%), 80% had MR≤2+ and 75% were in New York Heart Association class ≤II. Median pro-BNP decreased from 4395pg/ml to 2594pg/ml (p=0.04). There were no significant changes in LV end-diastolic volume (222±75ml vs. 217±79, p=0.19), end-systolic volume (LVESV, 154±66ml vs. 156±69, p=0.54) and LVEF (30±9% vs. 30±12%, p=0.86). Significant reverse remodeling (reduction of LVESV≥10%) was observed in 25%, without apparent association with baseline characteristics. The number of hospitalizations for HF in comparison with the 6months before PMVR were reduced from 1.1±0.8 to 0.3±0.6 (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In extreme risk HF patients with FMR, PMVR improved symptoms and reduced re-hospitalization and pro-BNP levels at 6months, despite the lack of LV reverse remodeling.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167527316337822
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2890377
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