OBJECTIVE: To analyze the ovarian reserve via measurement of follicular density and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) in endometriosis patients participating to a clinical program of cortical ovarian cryopreservation. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of serum AMH levels and prospective investigation of ovarian follicle number. SETTING: University Hospital. PATIENTS: Two hundred and two women with endometriosis and 400 controls. INTERVENTIONS: Blood samples and ovarian biopsies. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Correlation of serum AMH levels and the number of non-growing follicles in the biopsied cortical tissues in endometriosis and control subjects, including age, type of AMH kit, and the laboratory performing the analysis as covariates. RESULTS: AMH levels were shown to decrease with age in untreated endometriosis patients (P < 1.0 × 10-5) but they were significantly lower in endometriosis compared to controls only in patients over 36 years old (P = 2.7 × 10-4). The AMH decrease was faster in endometriosis compared to controls (beta = 0.27, P = 4.0 × 10-4). Primordial follicle number decreased with the reduction of AMH levels in both cases and controls (beta = 0.3; P = 0.04). CONCLUSION: AMH is a reliable marker of ovarian reserve in endometriosis patients, and it can predict follicular density in women undergoing ovarian tissue cryopreservation.

Fertility Preservation in Endometriosis Patients: Anti-Müllerian Hormone Is a Reliable Marker of the Ovarian Follicle Density

TRAGLIA, MICHELA;BARBIERI, CATERINA MARIA;
2017

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the ovarian reserve via measurement of follicular density and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) in endometriosis patients participating to a clinical program of cortical ovarian cryopreservation. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of serum AMH levels and prospective investigation of ovarian follicle number. SETTING: University Hospital. PATIENTS: Two hundred and two women with endometriosis and 400 controls. INTERVENTIONS: Blood samples and ovarian biopsies. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Correlation of serum AMH levels and the number of non-growing follicles in the biopsied cortical tissues in endometriosis and control subjects, including age, type of AMH kit, and the laboratory performing the analysis as covariates. RESULTS: AMH levels were shown to decrease with age in untreated endometriosis patients (P < 1.0 × 10-5) but they were significantly lower in endometriosis compared to controls only in patients over 36 years old (P = 2.7 × 10-4). The AMH decrease was faster in endometriosis compared to controls (beta = 0.27, P = 4.0 × 10-4). Primordial follicle number decreased with the reduction of AMH levels in both cases and controls (beta = 0.3; P = 0.04). CONCLUSION: AMH is a reliable marker of ovarian reserve in endometriosis patients, and it can predict follicular density in women undergoing ovarian tissue cryopreservation.
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http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fsurg.2017.00040/full
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2909380
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