OBJECTIVE: Ghrelin, a gastric hormone with pleiotropic effects modulates vascular function and may influence atherosclerosis. Plasma ghrelin is reduced in the metabolic syndrome (MS), which is also characterized by early atherosclerosis. Ghrelin circulates in acylated (AG) and desacylated (DAG) forms. Their relative impact and that of gender on subclinical atherosclerosis in MS is unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate potential associations of total, AG and DAG with carotid atherosclerosis and with gender in the MS. METHODS: Plasma total ghrelin, AG, DAG and carotid artery IMT (cIMT) were measured in 46 MS patients (NCEP-ATP III criteria, 22M/24F). RESULTS: Compared with males, females had higher (p <0.05) total and DAG. In the association analysis, age and plasma glucose were positively (p <0.05) correlated with cIMT in all MS patients. The positive (p <0.05) association between cIMT and age was also confirmed in males, while that between cIMT and glucose was significant in women. In contrast, neither total ghrelin nor AG and DAG were associated with cIMT in all MS patients nor in the male subgroup. In females, a negative (p <0.05) association between carotid artery IMT, DAG and glucose was detected, but not between cIMT, total ghrelin and AG. In multivariate modeling, DAG remained negatively (p <0.05) associated with cIMT after adjusting for plasma glucose and cardiovascular risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate a negative independent association between DAG and cIMT in middle-aged women with the MS and suggest a gender-specific modulatory function of DAG in the development of atherosclerosis.

Gender-Specific Association of Desacylated Ghrelin with Subclinical Atherosclerosis in the Metabolic Syndrome

Zanetti, Michela
;
Gortan Cappellari, Gianluca;Semolic, Anna Maria;Burekovic, Ismet;Fonda, Maurizio;Cattin, Luigi;Barazzoni, Rocco
2017

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Ghrelin, a gastric hormone with pleiotropic effects modulates vascular function and may influence atherosclerosis. Plasma ghrelin is reduced in the metabolic syndrome (MS), which is also characterized by early atherosclerosis. Ghrelin circulates in acylated (AG) and desacylated (DAG) forms. Their relative impact and that of gender on subclinical atherosclerosis in MS is unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate potential associations of total, AG and DAG with carotid atherosclerosis and with gender in the MS. METHODS: Plasma total ghrelin, AG, DAG and carotid artery IMT (cIMT) were measured in 46 MS patients (NCEP-ATP III criteria, 22M/24F). RESULTS: Compared with males, females had higher (p <0.05) total and DAG. In the association analysis, age and plasma glucose were positively (p <0.05) correlated with cIMT in all MS patients. The positive (p <0.05) association between cIMT and age was also confirmed in males, while that between cIMT and glucose was significant in women. In contrast, neither total ghrelin nor AG and DAG were associated with cIMT in all MS patients nor in the male subgroup. In females, a negative (p <0.05) association between carotid artery IMT, DAG and glucose was detected, but not between cIMT, total ghrelin and AG. In multivariate modeling, DAG remained negatively (p <0.05) associated with cIMT after adjusting for plasma glucose and cardiovascular risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate a negative independent association between DAG and cIMT in middle-aged women with the MS and suggest a gender-specific modulatory function of DAG in the development of atherosclerosis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2916474
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