Antimicrobial peptides often show broad-spectrum activity due to a mechanism based on bacterial membrane disruption, which also reduces development of permanent resistance, a desirable characteristic in view of the escalating multidrug resistance problem. Host cell toxicity however requires design of artificial variants of natural AMPs to increase selectivity and reduce side effects. Kiadins were designed using rules obtained from natural peptides active against E. coli and a validated computational algorithm based on a training set of such peptides, followed by rational conformational alterations. In vitro activity, tested against ESKAPE strains (ATCC and clinical isolates), revealed a varied activity spectrum and cytotoxicity that only in part correlated with conformational flexibility. Peptides with a higher proportion of Gly were generally less potent and caused less bacterial membrane alteration, as observed by flow cytometry and AFM, which correlate to structural characteristics as observed by circular dichroism spectroscopy and predicted by molecular dynamics calculations.

Antibacterial activity affected by the conformational flexibility in glycine-lysine-based α-helical antimicrobial peptides

Benincasa, Monica
Investigation
;
Tossi, Alessandro
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2018

Abstract

Antimicrobial peptides often show broad-spectrum activity due to a mechanism based on bacterial membrane disruption, which also reduces development of permanent resistance, a desirable characteristic in view of the escalating multidrug resistance problem. Host cell toxicity however requires design of artificial variants of natural AMPs to increase selectivity and reduce side effects. Kiadins were designed using rules obtained from natural peptides active against E. coli and a validated computational algorithm based on a training set of such peptides, followed by rational conformational alterations. In vitro activity, tested against ESKAPE strains (ATCC and clinical isolates), revealed a varied activity spectrum and cytotoxicity that only in part correlated with conformational flexibility. Peptides with a higher proportion of Gly were generally less potent and caused less bacterial membrane alteration, as observed by flow cytometry and AFM, which correlate to structural characteristics as observed by circular dichroism spectroscopy and predicted by molecular dynamics calculations.
19-mar-2018
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https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b01831
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