The aim of this pilot study was to assess prospectively the feasibility of conventional B-mode ultrasound (US) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) combined with real-time strain elastography (SE) in the differentiation of inflammatory from fibrotic ileal strictures among patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) based on visualanalysis.Twentynon-consecutivepatients(15maleand5female;meanage±standarddeviation,40.2±10.22 y) with CD and stricture of the terminal ileal loop were scanned by conventional B-mode US and CEUS and, subsequently, by real-time SE. Two independent readers visually classified each bowel stricture as fibrotic or inflammatory based on conventional B-mode US, CEUS, SE, individually and then for all techniques combined. All techniques combined had a higher (p < 0.05) sensitivity (reader 1, 9/20 [45%]; reader 2, 7/20 [35%]), specificity (reader 1, 5/20 [25%]; reader 2, 8/20 [40%]) and diagnostic accuracy (reader 1, 14/20 [70%]; reader 2, 15/ 20 [75%]) and higher (p < 0.05) area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (reader 1, 0.953; reader 2, 0.921) than individual techniques. Inter-reader agreement was fair for conventional B-mode US (k = 0.46) and CEUS (k = 0.39), moderate for SE (k = 0.6) and fair for all techniques combined (k = 0.38). Conventional B-mode US and CEUS, in combination with SE, may improve differentiation of inflammatory from fibrotic ileal strictures among patients with CD based on visual analysis.

Differentiation of Inflammatory From Fibrotic Ileal Strictures among Patients with Crohn's Disease Based on Visual Analysis: Feasibility Study Combining Conventional B-Mode Ultrasound, Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound and Strain Elastography

Quaia, Emilio
;
Gennari, Antonio Giulio
Investigation
;
Cova, Maria Assunta
Conceptualization
;
2018

Abstract

The aim of this pilot study was to assess prospectively the feasibility of conventional B-mode ultrasound (US) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) combined with real-time strain elastography (SE) in the differentiation of inflammatory from fibrotic ileal strictures among patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) based on visualanalysis.Twentynon-consecutivepatients(15maleand5female;meanage±standarddeviation,40.2±10.22 y) with CD and stricture of the terminal ileal loop were scanned by conventional B-mode US and CEUS and, subsequently, by real-time SE. Two independent readers visually classified each bowel stricture as fibrotic or inflammatory based on conventional B-mode US, CEUS, SE, individually and then for all techniques combined. All techniques combined had a higher (p < 0.05) sensitivity (reader 1, 9/20 [45%]; reader 2, 7/20 [35%]), specificity (reader 1, 5/20 [25%]; reader 2, 8/20 [40%]) and diagnostic accuracy (reader 1, 14/20 [70%]; reader 2, 15/ 20 [75%]) and higher (p < 0.05) area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (reader 1, 0.953; reader 2, 0.921) than individual techniques. Inter-reader agreement was fair for conventional B-mode US (k = 0.46) and CEUS (k = 0.39), moderate for SE (k = 0.6) and fair for all techniques combined (k = 0.38). Conventional B-mode US and CEUS, in combination with SE, may improve differentiation of inflammatory from fibrotic ileal strictures among patients with CD based on visual analysis.
Pubblicato
http://www.umbjournal.org/article/S0301-5629(17)32459-6/fulltext
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2921632
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