Chirality is a fundamental property of matter with profound impact in physics, chemistry, biology, and medicine. It is present at several scales going from elementary particles, to molecules, to macroscopic materials, and even to astronomical objects. During the last 30 years, chirality has also been investigated at the nanoscale, being a hot research topic in nanoscience. The importance of chirality at the nanoscale is due, in part, to the potential applications that chiral nanomaterials could have in nanotechnology. Great interest exists nowadays in the study of chirality in bare and ligand-protected metal nanoclusters. These are aggregates of n metal atoms (n ~ 10–300) that can be in gas phase or stabilized by organic ligands, covering the cluster sur- face. Chirality in bare and thiolate-protected gold clusters (TPGC) has received special attention because of the important progress achieved in their synthesis, size separation, and precise structural characterization. Here, we review the recent experimental and theoretical developments on the origin and physicochemical manifestations of chirality in bare and TPGC . Since chirality is a geometrical property, we also discuss the proposal for its quan- tification, and the correlation of this geometric measure with the chiroptical response, like the circular dichroism spectrum, calcu- lated from quantum mechanical methods.

Chirality in bare and ligand-protected metal nanoclusters

Toffoli, Daniele;Stener, Mauro;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Chirality is a fundamental property of matter with profound impact in physics, chemistry, biology, and medicine. It is present at several scales going from elementary particles, to molecules, to macroscopic materials, and even to astronomical objects. During the last 30 years, chirality has also been investigated at the nanoscale, being a hot research topic in nanoscience. The importance of chirality at the nanoscale is due, in part, to the potential applications that chiral nanomaterials could have in nanotechnology. Great interest exists nowadays in the study of chirality in bare and ligand-protected metal nanoclusters. These are aggregates of n metal atoms (n ~ 10–300) that can be in gas phase or stabilized by organic ligands, covering the cluster sur- face. Chirality in bare and thiolate-protected gold clusters (TPGC) has received special attention because of the important progress achieved in their synthesis, size separation, and precise structural characterization. Here, we review the recent experimental and theoretical developments on the origin and physicochemical manifestations of chirality in bare and TPGC . Since chirality is a geometrical property, we also discuss the proposal for its quan- tification, and the correlation of this geometric measure with the chiroptical response, like the circular dichroism spectrum, calcu- lated from quantum mechanical methods.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2931072
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