Breast conserving surgery has been reserved for patients with favorable proportion between tumor dimensions and breast size. Introduction of local flaps from the lateral thoracic region has widened the indications for breast conserving surgery, by allowing surgeons to perform wider excisions, thus yet be able to ensure tumor-free surgical margins and a good aesthetic result. We have used lateral intercostal perforator flaps and flaps harvested on the lateral thoracic artery and lateral thoracic artery axial flap in patients with small breasts and an unfavorable tumor to breast size proportion. From May 2015 to October 2016, 19 patients with breast tumors have been treated with BCS and immediate volume replacement reconstruction by pedicle perforator flaps from the lateral thoracic region. In 15 patients lateral intercostal artery perforator flaps or lateral thoracic artery perforator flaps were used after quadrantectomy or wide local excision, in 3 patients as volume replacement after mastectomy and in 1 patient after mastectomy following previous augmentation mammoplasty. In all patients, good breast symmetry was achieved, with no major complications. Fibrosis of the flap and residual breast parenchyma, with volume reduction were noticed after postoperative radiotherapy in thin patients or flaps with little subcutaneous fat. Perforator flaps from the lateral thoracic region should become the gold standard for reconstructions after breast conserving surgery involving less than 20% of the breast volume or after mastectomy in patients with small breasts. The operating procedure is safe, quick and allows sparing of the latissimus dorsi muscle and thus minimal donor site morbidity, as well as an excellent aesthetic result.

Use of licap and ltap flaps for breast reconstruction

Martellani, L;Manara, M;Renzi, N;Papa, G;Ramella, V;Arnež, Z
2019-01-01

Abstract

Breast conserving surgery has been reserved for patients with favorable proportion between tumor dimensions and breast size. Introduction of local flaps from the lateral thoracic region has widened the indications for breast conserving surgery, by allowing surgeons to perform wider excisions, thus yet be able to ensure tumor-free surgical margins and a good aesthetic result. We have used lateral intercostal perforator flaps and flaps harvested on the lateral thoracic artery and lateral thoracic artery axial flap in patients with small breasts and an unfavorable tumor to breast size proportion. From May 2015 to October 2016, 19 patients with breast tumors have been treated with BCS and immediate volume replacement reconstruction by pedicle perforator flaps from the lateral thoracic region. In 15 patients lateral intercostal artery perforator flaps or lateral thoracic artery perforator flaps were used after quadrantectomy or wide local excision, in 3 patients as volume replacement after mastectomy and in 1 patient after mastectomy following previous augmentation mammoplasty. In all patients, good breast symmetry was achieved, with no major complications. Fibrosis of the flap and residual breast parenchyma, with volume reduction were noticed after postoperative radiotherapy in thin patients or flaps with little subcutaneous fat. Perforator flaps from the lateral thoracic region should become the gold standard for reconstructions after breast conserving surgery involving less than 20% of the breast volume or after mastectomy in patients with small breasts. The operating procedure is safe, quick and allows sparing of the latissimus dorsi muscle and thus minimal donor site morbidity, as well as an excellent aesthetic result.
2019
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https://www.mf.cz/produkty/acta-chirurgiae-plasticae/predstaveni-titulu/
https://www.pubfacts.com/search/Use+of+licap+and+ltap+flaps+for+breast+reconstruction
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2945745
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