BACKGROUND: Genotype-phenotype correlations in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and, in particular, the effects of gene variants on clinical outcomes remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic role of genetic variant carrier status in a large cohort of DCM patients. METHODS: A total of 487 DCM patients were analyzed by next-generation sequencing and categorized the disease genes into functional gene groups. The following composite outcome measures were assessed: 1) all-cause mortality; 2) heart failure-related death, heart transplantation, or destination left ventricular assist device implantation (DHF/HTx/VAD); and 3) sudden cardiac death/sustained ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (SCD/VT/VF). RESULTS: A total of 183 pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants were found in 178 patients (37%): 54 (11%) Titin; 19 (4%) Lamin A/C (LMNA); 24 (5%) structural cytoskeleton-Z disk genes; 16 (3.5%) desmosomal genes; 46 (9.5%) sarcomeric genes; 8 (1.6%) ion channel genes; and 11 (2.5%) other genes. All-cause mortality was no different between variant carriers and noncarriers (p = 0.99). A trend toward worse SCD/VT/VF (p = 0.062) and DHF/HTx/VAD (p = 0.061) was found in carriers. Carriers of desmosomal and LMNA variants experienced the highest rate of SCD/VT/VF, which was independent of the left ventricular ejection fraction. CONCLUSIONS: Desmosomal and LMNA gene variants identify the subset of DCM patients who are at greatest risk for SCD and life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias, regardless of the left ventricular ejection fraction

Genetic Risk of Arrhythmic Phenotypes in Patients With Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Merlo M.;Gigli M.;Barbati G.;Stolfo D.;Dal Ferro M.;Altinier A.;Ramani F.;Sinagra G.;
2019-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Genotype-phenotype correlations in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and, in particular, the effects of gene variants on clinical outcomes remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic role of genetic variant carrier status in a large cohort of DCM patients. METHODS: A total of 487 DCM patients were analyzed by next-generation sequencing and categorized the disease genes into functional gene groups. The following composite outcome measures were assessed: 1) all-cause mortality; 2) heart failure-related death, heart transplantation, or destination left ventricular assist device implantation (DHF/HTx/VAD); and 3) sudden cardiac death/sustained ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (SCD/VT/VF). RESULTS: A total of 183 pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants were found in 178 patients (37%): 54 (11%) Titin; 19 (4%) Lamin A/C (LMNA); 24 (5%) structural cytoskeleton-Z disk genes; 16 (3.5%) desmosomal genes; 46 (9.5%) sarcomeric genes; 8 (1.6%) ion channel genes; and 11 (2.5%) other genes. All-cause mortality was no different between variant carriers and noncarriers (p = 0.99). A trend toward worse SCD/VT/VF (p = 0.062) and DHF/HTx/VAD (p = 0.061) was found in carriers. Carriers of desmosomal and LMNA variants experienced the highest rate of SCD/VT/VF, which was independent of the left ventricular ejection fraction. CONCLUSIONS: Desmosomal and LMNA gene variants identify the subset of DCM patients who are at greatest risk for SCD and life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias, regardless of the left ventricular ejection fraction
Pubblicato
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0735109719359765?via=ihub
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6750731/
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Genetic Risk of Arrhythmic Phenotypes in Patients With Dilated Cardiomyopathy.pdf

Accesso chiuso

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Digital Rights Management non definito
Dimensione 1.12 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.12 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
2950587_Genetic Risk of Arrhythmic Phenotypes in Patients With Dilated Cardiomyopathy-Post_print.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Post Print VQR3
Tipologia: Bozza finale post-referaggio (post-print)
Licenza: Digital Rights Management non definito
Dimensione 1.71 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.71 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2950587
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 44
  • Scopus 107
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 109
social impact