The high number of marginal mandibular nerve (MMN) anatomical variants have a well-known clinical significance due to the risk of nerve injury in several surgical procedures. The aim of this study was to find and systematize the available anatomical data concerning this nerve. The PubMed and Scopus databases were investigated in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines. All studies reporting extractable data on the origin, course, splitting, anastomosis and relationship of the MMN with the mandible or the facial vessels were included. We included 28 studies analyzing 1861 halves. The MMN had one (PP = 35% 95% CI:18-54%), two (PP =35% 95% CI:18-54%), three (PP = 18% 95% CI:0-35%), or four branches (PP = 2% 95% CI:0-8%). Anastomosis with the great auricular nerve, transverse cervical nerve, mental nerve, and other branches of the facial nerve were defined. The origin of the MMN in relation to the parotid and the mandible was variable. The MMN nearly always crossed the anterior facial vein laterally (PP = 38% 95% CI:9-72% if single, PP = 57% 95% CI:22-90% when multiple); its relation with other vessels was less constant. At least one branch of the MMN was found below the inferior border of the mandible (IBM), with a PP of 39% (95% CI:30-50%). The MMN has high anatomical variability and it is more often represented by one or two branches; its origin is frequently described at the parotid apex and above the IBM, although in its course at least one branch often runs below the IBM. Its most frequent anastomosis is with the buccal branch of the facial nerve. Clin. Anat., 2019. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Surgical Anatomy of the Marginal Mandibular Nerve: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Marcuzzo, Alberto Vito
Conceptualization
;
ŠURAN-BRUNELLI, AZZURRA-NICOLE
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Dal Cin, Elisa
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Rigo, Stefania
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Piccinato, Alice
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Boscolo Nata, Francesca
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Tofanelli, Margherita
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Grill, Vittorio
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Di Lenarda, Roberto
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Tirelli, Giancarlo
Supervision
;
BOSCOLO RIZZO, PAOLO
2019

Abstract

The high number of marginal mandibular nerve (MMN) anatomical variants have a well-known clinical significance due to the risk of nerve injury in several surgical procedures. The aim of this study was to find and systematize the available anatomical data concerning this nerve. The PubMed and Scopus databases were investigated in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines. All studies reporting extractable data on the origin, course, splitting, anastomosis and relationship of the MMN with the mandible or the facial vessels were included. We included 28 studies analyzing 1861 halves. The MMN had one (PP = 35% 95% CI:18-54%), two (PP =35% 95% CI:18-54%), three (PP = 18% 95% CI:0-35%), or four branches (PP = 2% 95% CI:0-8%). Anastomosis with the great auricular nerve, transverse cervical nerve, mental nerve, and other branches of the facial nerve were defined. The origin of the MMN in relation to the parotid and the mandible was variable. The MMN nearly always crossed the anterior facial vein laterally (PP = 38% 95% CI:9-72% if single, PP = 57% 95% CI:22-90% when multiple); its relation with other vessels was less constant. At least one branch of the MMN was found below the inferior border of the mandible (IBM), with a PP of 39% (95% CI:30-50%). The MMN has high anatomical variability and it is more often represented by one or two branches; its origin is frequently described at the parotid apex and above the IBM, although in its course at least one branch often runs below the IBM. Its most frequent anastomosis is with the buccal branch of the facial nerve. Clin. Anat., 2019. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
8-ott-2019
Epub ahead of print
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ca.23497
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2952480
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