Right ventricular involvement in inferior myocardial infarction (MI) was historically associated with a poor prognosis. However, few studies addressed the impact of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction in the primary percutaneous intervention (pPCI) era. Our aim was to assess the prognostic significance of RV dysfunction in right coronary artery (RCA) related MI treated with pPCI. Methods: A total of 298 patients with a RCA related MI undergone pPCI between January 2011 and June 2015 were included. RV dysfunction was defined by a RV-FAC <35% at echocardiographic examination and further divided into mild (RV-FAC between 35 and 25%) and moderate-severe (RV-FAC <25%). RV function before discharge was reassessed in 95% of the study cohort. The primary endpoint was overall mortality. Median follow-up was 29 months. Results: In RCA related MI, moderate-severe (HR 5.882, p = 0.002, 95% CI 1.882-18.385) but not mild RV dysfunction independently predicted lower survival at follow-up along with age (HR 1.104, p <0.001, CI 1.045-1.167). Importantly, patients recovering RV function at discharge showed a lower mortality (p = 0.001) vs patients with persistent moderate-severe RV dysfunction) that approached the risk of patients without RV dysfunction at presentation. Conclusion: In RCA related MI treated with pPCI, RV dysfunction was one of the strongest independent predictor of lower overall survival. However, patients with only transient RV dysfunction showed a better prognosis compared to patients who had persistent RV dysfunction. The focus on intensive support management of the RV in the first hours after pPCI may be important to overcome the acute phase and to promote RV recovery.

Right ventricular dysfunction in right coronary artery infarction: A primary PCI registry analysis

Santangelo S.
;
Fabris E.;Stolfo D.;Merlo M.;Barbati G.;Perkan A.;Sinagra G.
2020

Abstract

Right ventricular involvement in inferior myocardial infarction (MI) was historically associated with a poor prognosis. However, few studies addressed the impact of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction in the primary percutaneous intervention (pPCI) era. Our aim was to assess the prognostic significance of RV dysfunction in right coronary artery (RCA) related MI treated with pPCI. Methods: A total of 298 patients with a RCA related MI undergone pPCI between January 2011 and June 2015 were included. RV dysfunction was defined by a RV-FAC <35% at echocardiographic examination and further divided into mild (RV-FAC between 35 and 25%) and moderate-severe (RV-FAC <25%). RV function before discharge was reassessed in 95% of the study cohort. The primary endpoint was overall mortality. Median follow-up was 29 months. Results: In RCA related MI, moderate-severe (HR 5.882, p = 0.002, 95% CI 1.882-18.385) but not mild RV dysfunction independently predicted lower survival at follow-up along with age (HR 1.104, p <0.001, CI 1.045-1.167). Importantly, patients recovering RV function at discharge showed a lower mortality (p = 0.001) vs patients with persistent moderate-severe RV dysfunction) that approached the risk of patients without RV dysfunction at presentation. Conclusion: In RCA related MI treated with pPCI, RV dysfunction was one of the strongest independent predictor of lower overall survival. However, patients with only transient RV dysfunction showed a better prognosis compared to patients who had persistent RV dysfunction. The focus on intensive support management of the RV in the first hours after pPCI may be important to overcome the acute phase and to promote RV recovery.
25-apr-2019
Pubblicato
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1553838919302568?via=ihub
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S1553838919302568-main.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Copyright Editore
Dimensione 592.77 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
592.77 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
11368_2957773_print.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Post Print VQR3
Tipologia: Bozza finale post-referaggio (post-print)
Licenza: Digital Rights Management non definito
Dimensione 1.06 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.06 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/2957773
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact