Damage to the weightbearing surface of the foot is a challenge for the reconstructive surgeon. The aim is to reconstruct the skeletal tripod and soft tissue, allowing the patient to walk normally. We report the case of a patient admitted with an acute right foot open fracture of the second, third, fourth, and fifth metatarsal bones. After debridement of all nonvital tissues, the patient required reconstruction of the metatarsal heads (third, fourth, and fifth) plus soft tissue coverage. We then performed a reconstruction with a free osteocutaneous fibular flap, insetting the bone perpendicular to the long axis of the metatarsal bones. This configuration allowed the reconstruction of the foot skeletal tripod. A second free flap, a thin radial forearm flap, was added during the revision surgery to improve the venous drainage of the skin paddle of the fibular flap and avoid tension after skin closure. At 1-year follow-up, the patient was able to walk entirely weightbearing on the forefoot, returning to her previous employment with no limitation in physical and recreational activities. To our knowledge, this is the first description of the use of a chimeric osteocutaneous fibular flap, oriented transversely, to reconstruct a complex bone/soft tissue defect after a traumatic loss of multiple metatarsal heads.

Reconstruction of the Weightbearing Area of the Foot with Vascularized Chimeric Osteocutaneous Fibular Flap: A Case Report

Arnez Z. M.
;
Papa G.;Leuzzi S.;Stocco C.;Ramella V.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Damage to the weightbearing surface of the foot is a challenge for the reconstructive surgeon. The aim is to reconstruct the skeletal tripod and soft tissue, allowing the patient to walk normally. We report the case of a patient admitted with an acute right foot open fracture of the second, third, fourth, and fifth metatarsal bones. After debridement of all nonvital tissues, the patient required reconstruction of the metatarsal heads (third, fourth, and fifth) plus soft tissue coverage. We then performed a reconstruction with a free osteocutaneous fibular flap, insetting the bone perpendicular to the long axis of the metatarsal bones. This configuration allowed the reconstruction of the foot skeletal tripod. A second free flap, a thin radial forearm flap, was added during the revision surgery to improve the venous drainage of the skin paddle of the fibular flap and avoid tension after skin closure. At 1-year follow-up, the patient was able to walk entirely weightbearing on the forefoot, returning to her previous employment with no limitation in physical and recreational activities. To our knowledge, this is the first description of the use of a chimeric osteocutaneous fibular flap, oriented transversely, to reconstruct a complex bone/soft tissue defect after a traumatic loss of multiple metatarsal heads.
2020
Pubblicato
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1067251619301838?via=ihub
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2957979
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