The combination of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with undoped CeO2 nanoparticles (NPs) is effective for the direct electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 to formic acid (FA) at acidic pH (0.1 M HNO3), at overpotential as low as η = −0.02 V (vs RHE) with Faradic efficiency (FE) up to 65%. Exsitu and operando evidence identifies nonstoichiometric Ce4+/3+O2–x reduced sites as essential for the selective CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR). The MWCNT-mediated electrochemical reduction of the CeO2 NPs offers a definite advantage with respect to the generally adopted thermochemical cycles (800–1500 °C) or deep hydrogenation pretreatments, thus presenting an interesting perspective for the engineering of CeO2 electrocatalysts.

Water-Mediated ElectroHydrogenation of CO2 at Near-Equilibrium Potential by Carbon Nanotubes/Cerium Dioxide Nanohybrids

Melchionna, Michele;Montini, Tiziano;Fornasiero, Paolo
;
Prato, Maurizio
2020-01-01

Abstract

The combination of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with undoped CeO2 nanoparticles (NPs) is effective for the direct electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 to formic acid (FA) at acidic pH (0.1 M HNO3), at overpotential as low as η = −0.02 V (vs RHE) with Faradic efficiency (FE) up to 65%. Exsitu and operando evidence identifies nonstoichiometric Ce4+/3+O2–x reduced sites as essential for the selective CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR). The MWCNT-mediated electrochemical reduction of the CeO2 NPs offers a definite advantage with respect to the generally adopted thermochemical cycles (800–1500 °C) or deep hydrogenation pretreatments, thus presenting an interesting perspective for the engineering of CeO2 electrocatalysts.
2020
19-ago-2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2972442
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