Background: The early diagnosis of genetically determined dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) could improve the prognosis in mutation carriers. Left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LV GLS) and peak left atrial longitudinal strain (PALS) are promising techniques for the detection of subtle systolic and diastolic dysfunction. We sought to evaluate the prevalence of subtle systolic and diastolic dysfunction by LV GLS and PALS in a cohort of genotype-positive phenotype-negative (GPFN) DCM relatives. Methods and results: In this retrospective study, we analyzed echocardiograms of forty-one GPFN relatives of DCM patients. They were compared with age and sex matched healthy individuals (control group). Reduced LV GLS and PALS were defined as >18% and <23.1%, respectively. GPFN relatives (37 ± 14 years, 48.8% male) and controls were similar according to standard echocardiographic measurements. Conversely, LV GLS was -18.8 ± 2.7% in the GPFN group vs. -24.0 ± 1.8% in the control group (p < 0.001). Twenty subjects (48.8%) in the GPFN group and no subjects in the control group had a reduced LV GLS. PALS was 29.2 ± 6.7% in the GPFN group vs. 40.8 ± 8.5% in the control group (p < 0.001). Seven subjects (18.4%) in the GPFN group and one (2%) in the control group had a reduced PALS. A cohort of 17 genotype-negative phenotype-negative relatives showed higher values of LV GLS compared to GPFN. Conclusions: Despite standard echocardiographic parameters are within the normal range, LV GLS and PALS are lower in GPFN relatives of DCM patients when compared to healthy individuals, suggesting a consistent proportion of subtle systolic and diastolic dysfunction in this population.

High prevalence of subtle systolic and diastolic dysfunction in genotype-positive phenotype-negative relatives of dilated cardiomyopathy patients

Alessia Paldino;Giulia De Angelis;Matteo Dal Ferro;Aldostefano Porcari;Giulia Barbati;Renata Korcova;Piero Gentile;Jessica Artico;Antonio Cannatà;Marta Gigli;Bruno Pinamonti;Marco Merlo
;
Gianfranco Sinagra
2021

Abstract

Background: The early diagnosis of genetically determined dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) could improve the prognosis in mutation carriers. Left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LV GLS) and peak left atrial longitudinal strain (PALS) are promising techniques for the detection of subtle systolic and diastolic dysfunction. We sought to evaluate the prevalence of subtle systolic and diastolic dysfunction by LV GLS and PALS in a cohort of genotype-positive phenotype-negative (GPFN) DCM relatives. Methods and results: In this retrospective study, we analyzed echocardiograms of forty-one GPFN relatives of DCM patients. They were compared with age and sex matched healthy individuals (control group). Reduced LV GLS and PALS were defined as >18% and <23.1%, respectively. GPFN relatives (37 ± 14 years, 48.8% male) and controls were similar according to standard echocardiographic measurements. Conversely, LV GLS was -18.8 ± 2.7% in the GPFN group vs. -24.0 ± 1.8% in the control group (p < 0.001). Twenty subjects (48.8%) in the GPFN group and no subjects in the control group had a reduced LV GLS. PALS was 29.2 ± 6.7% in the GPFN group vs. 40.8 ± 8.5% in the control group (p < 0.001). Seven subjects (18.4%) in the GPFN group and one (2%) in the control group had a reduced PALS. A cohort of 17 genotype-negative phenotype-negative relatives showed higher values of LV GLS compared to GPFN. Conclusions: Despite standard echocardiographic parameters are within the normal range, LV GLS and PALS are lower in GPFN relatives of DCM patients when compared to healthy individuals, suggesting a consistent proportion of subtle systolic and diastolic dysfunction in this population.
17-set-2020
Pubblicato
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167527320338171?via=ihub
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0167527320338171-main.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Copyright Editore
Dimensione 815.43 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
815.43 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2973421
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact