Exceptional magmatic events coincided with the largest mass extinctions throughout Earth’s history. Extensive degassing from organic-rich sediments intruded by magmas is a possible driver of the catastrophic environmental changes, which triggered the biotic crises. One of Earth’s largest magmatic events is represented by the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province, which was synchronous with the end-Triassic mass extinction. Here, we show direct evidence for the presence in basaltic magmas of methane, generated or remobilized from the host sedimentary sequence during the emplacement of this large igneous province. Abundant methane-rich fluid inclusions were entrapped within quartz at the end of magmatic crystallization in voluminous (about 1.0 x 106 km3) intrusions in Brazilian Amazonia, indicating a massive (about 7.2 x 103 Gt) fluxing of methane. These micrometre-sized imperfections in quartz crystals unveil the deadly instigator of the global climate change that led to the end-Triassic mass extinction.

Massive methane fluxing from magma-sediment interaction in the end-Triassic Central Atlantic Magmatic Province"

Angelo De Min;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Exceptional magmatic events coincided with the largest mass extinctions throughout Earth’s history. Extensive degassing from organic-rich sediments intruded by magmas is a possible driver of the catastrophic environmental changes, which triggered the biotic crises. One of Earth’s largest magmatic events is represented by the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province, which was synchronous with the end-Triassic mass extinction. Here, we show direct evidence for the presence in basaltic magmas of methane, generated or remobilized from the host sedimentary sequence during the emplacement of this large igneous province. Abundant methane-rich fluid inclusions were entrapped within quartz at the end of magmatic crystallization in voluminous (about 1.0 x 106 km3) intrusions in Brazilian Amazonia, indicating a massive (about 7.2 x 103 Gt) fluxing of methane. These micrometre-sized imperfections in quartz crystals unveil the deadly instigator of the global climate change that led to the end-Triassic mass extinction.
2021
20-set-2021
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Descrizione: Supplementary information The online version contains supplementary material available at https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-25510-w
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2996003
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