This paper presents a method for estimating the time of arrival (ToA) of long term evolution (LTE) signals received on multiple separate transmission bands by the same base station (BS) mast. By exploiting the overall bandwidth occupied by the different signals and the correlation between the corresponding channel impulse responses, a higher precision is achieved with respect to the usually adopted single-band approach whenever the time-correlation among the bands is sufficiently high. The ToA estimation is carried out by generalizing the space-alternating generalized expectation-maximization (SAGE) algorithm to the multi-band context, proving that the availability of multiple bands provides a reduced standard deviation for the estimated ToA, with a limited increase of the computational cost. The main analyzed issue consists in the management of the asynchrony between transmitters belonging to distinct cellular operators, which is addressed by developing a suitable method to combine the contributions provided by the different bands. The method is validated by simulations in dual- and tri-band scenarios, and is further applied to real dual-band signals measured through a portable setup and experimentally acquired from an LTE BS mast covering multiple cells.

Multi-Band Time of Arrival Estimation for Long Term Evolution (LTE) Signals

Noschese M.;Babich F.;Comisso M.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

This paper presents a method for estimating the time of arrival (ToA) of long term evolution (LTE) signals received on multiple separate transmission bands by the same base station (BS) mast. By exploiting the overall bandwidth occupied by the different signals and the correlation between the corresponding channel impulse responses, a higher precision is achieved with respect to the usually adopted single-band approach whenever the time-correlation among the bands is sufficiently high. The ToA estimation is carried out by generalizing the space-alternating generalized expectation-maximization (SAGE) algorithm to the multi-band context, proving that the availability of multiple bands provides a reduced standard deviation for the estimated ToA, with a limited increase of the computational cost. The main analyzed issue consists in the management of the asynchrony between transmitters belonging to distinct cellular operators, which is addressed by developing a suitable method to combine the contributions provided by the different bands. The method is validated by simulations in dual- and tri-band scenarios, and is further applied to real dual-band signals measured through a portable setup and experimentally acquired from an LTE BS mast covering multiple cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2998991
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