Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is strongly suggested to define the proper drug dosage to overcome inter- and intra-patient variability in drug exposure, which is typically observed with oral anticancer agents, such as palbociclib (PALBO), ribociclib (RIBO) and letrozole (LETRO), all approved for the treatment of HR+, HER2- locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (BC). Optimal TDM implementation requires a blood sampling organization that can be hampered by limited availability of health and laboratory personnel. Dried Blood Spot (DBS) sampling is proposed to overcome such limitations. The aim of this work was the development of a new LC-MS/MS method to analyze DBS samples containing PALBO, RIBO, and LETRO. Analytes extraction from DBS was performed by adding a methanolic solution containing the corresponding internal standards. LC-MS/MS analysis was performed using a LC Nexera (Shimadzu) system coupled with an API 4000 QTrap (SCIEX) mass spectrometer. The chromatographic separation was performed on a Luna Omega Polar C18 column (Phenomenex). The method was applied to 38 clinical samples collected by finger prick. The influence of hematocrit and spot size, sample homogeneity, stability, and correlation between finger prick and venous DBS measurement were assessed. The analytical validation was performed according to EMA and FDA guidelines. The analytical range of the method was 1 to 250 ng/mL for PALBO, 40 to 10000 ng/mL for RIBO, and 2 to 500 ng/mL for LETRO, where linearity was assessed, obtaining mean coefficients of determination (R2) of 0.9979 for PALBO, 0.9980 for RIBO, and 0.9987 for LETRO). The LC-MS/MS method runtime was 6.6 min. Incurred sample reanalysis demonstrated reproducibility, as the percentage difference between the two quantifications was lower than 20% for 100% of PALBO, 81.8% of RIBO, and 90.9% of LETRO paired samples. Intra- and inter-day precision (CV (%)) was lower than 11.4% and intra- and inter-day accuracy was between 90.0 and 106.5%. DBS sample stability at room temperature was confirmed for 2.5 months. A positive correlation was observed between DBS and plasma concentrations for the 3 drugs, Lin's concordance correlation coefficients obtained by DBS normalization applying a selected strategy were 0.958 for PALBO, 0.957 for RIBO, and 0.963 for LETRO. In conclusion, a fast, easy, and reproducible DBS LC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous quantification of palbociclib; ribociclib and letrozole was developed to be used in clinical practice.

A new dried blood spot LC-MS/MS method for therapeutic drug monitoring of palbociclib, ribociclib, and letrozole in patients with cancer

Poetto A. S.;Posocco B.;Zanchetta M.;Iacuzzi V.;Canil G.;Buzzo M.;Montico M.;Alberti M.;Toffoli G.
2021

Abstract

Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is strongly suggested to define the proper drug dosage to overcome inter- and intra-patient variability in drug exposure, which is typically observed with oral anticancer agents, such as palbociclib (PALBO), ribociclib (RIBO) and letrozole (LETRO), all approved for the treatment of HR+, HER2- locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (BC). Optimal TDM implementation requires a blood sampling organization that can be hampered by limited availability of health and laboratory personnel. Dried Blood Spot (DBS) sampling is proposed to overcome such limitations. The aim of this work was the development of a new LC-MS/MS method to analyze DBS samples containing PALBO, RIBO, and LETRO. Analytes extraction from DBS was performed by adding a methanolic solution containing the corresponding internal standards. LC-MS/MS analysis was performed using a LC Nexera (Shimadzu) system coupled with an API 4000 QTrap (SCIEX) mass spectrometer. The chromatographic separation was performed on a Luna Omega Polar C18 column (Phenomenex). The method was applied to 38 clinical samples collected by finger prick. The influence of hematocrit and spot size, sample homogeneity, stability, and correlation between finger prick and venous DBS measurement were assessed. The analytical validation was performed according to EMA and FDA guidelines. The analytical range of the method was 1 to 250 ng/mL for PALBO, 40 to 10000 ng/mL for RIBO, and 2 to 500 ng/mL for LETRO, where linearity was assessed, obtaining mean coefficients of determination (R2) of 0.9979 for PALBO, 0.9980 for RIBO, and 0.9987 for LETRO). The LC-MS/MS method runtime was 6.6 min. Incurred sample reanalysis demonstrated reproducibility, as the percentage difference between the two quantifications was lower than 20% for 100% of PALBO, 81.8% of RIBO, and 90.9% of LETRO paired samples. Intra- and inter-day precision (CV (%)) was lower than 11.4% and intra- and inter-day accuracy was between 90.0 and 106.5%. DBS sample stability at room temperature was confirmed for 2.5 months. A positive correlation was observed between DBS and plasma concentrations for the 3 drugs, Lin's concordance correlation coefficients obtained by DBS normalization applying a selected strategy were 0.958 for PALBO, 0.957 for RIBO, and 0.963 for LETRO. In conclusion, a fast, easy, and reproducible DBS LC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous quantification of palbociclib; ribociclib and letrozole was developed to be used in clinical practice.
11-ott-2021
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https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1570023221004669?via=ihub
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11368/3002244
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