Importance: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is frequently caused by genetic factors. Studies identifying deleterious rare variants have predominantly focused on early-onset cases, and little is known about the genetic underpinnings of the growing numbers of patients with DCM who are diagnosed when they are older than 60 years (ie, late-onset DCM). Objective: To investigate the prevalence, type, and prognostic impact of disease-associated rare variants in patients with late-onset DCM. Design, Setting, and Participants: A population of patients with late-onset DCM who had undergone genetic testing in 7 international tertiary referral centers worldwide were enrolled from March 1990 to August 2020. A positive genotype was defined as the presence of pathogenic or likely pathogenic (P/LP) variants. Main Outcomes and Measures: The study outcome was all-cause mortality. Results: A total of 184 patients older than 60 years (103 female [56%]; mean [SD] age, 67 [6] years; mean [SD] left ventricular ejection fraction, 32% [10%]) were studied. Sixty-six patients (36%) were carriers of a P/LP variant. Titin-truncating variants were the most prevalent (present in 46 [25%] of the total population and accounting for 46 [69%] of all genotype-positive patients). During a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 42 (10-115) months, 23 patients (13%) died; 17 (25%) of these were carriers of P/LP variants, while 6 patients (5.1%) were genotype-negative. Conclusions and Relevance: Late-onset DCM might represent a distinct subgroup characterized by and a high genetic variation burden, largely due to titin-truncating variants. Patients with a positive genetic test had higher mortality than genotype-negative patients. These findings support the extended use of genetic testing also in older patients.

Association of Titin Variations with Late-Onset Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Merlo M.
;
Dal Ferro M.;Barbati G.;Manca P.;Paldino A.;Gigli M.;Stolfo D.;Johnson R.;Mestroni L.;Sinagra G.
2022

Abstract

Importance: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is frequently caused by genetic factors. Studies identifying deleterious rare variants have predominantly focused on early-onset cases, and little is known about the genetic underpinnings of the growing numbers of patients with DCM who are diagnosed when they are older than 60 years (ie, late-onset DCM). Objective: To investigate the prevalence, type, and prognostic impact of disease-associated rare variants in patients with late-onset DCM. Design, Setting, and Participants: A population of patients with late-onset DCM who had undergone genetic testing in 7 international tertiary referral centers worldwide were enrolled from March 1990 to August 2020. A positive genotype was defined as the presence of pathogenic or likely pathogenic (P/LP) variants. Main Outcomes and Measures: The study outcome was all-cause mortality. Results: A total of 184 patients older than 60 years (103 female [56%]; mean [SD] age, 67 [6] years; mean [SD] left ventricular ejection fraction, 32% [10%]) were studied. Sixty-six patients (36%) were carriers of a P/LP variant. Titin-truncating variants were the most prevalent (present in 46 [25%] of the total population and accounting for 46 [69%] of all genotype-positive patients). During a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 42 (10-115) months, 23 patients (13%) died; 17 (25%) of these were carriers of P/LP variants, while 6 patients (5.1%) were genotype-negative. Conclusions and Relevance: Late-onset DCM might represent a distinct subgroup characterized by and a high genetic variation burden, largely due to titin-truncating variants. Patients with a positive genetic test had higher mortality than genotype-negative patients. These findings support the extended use of genetic testing also in older patients.
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https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamacardiology/article-abstract/2788570
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3015359
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