Objective: This study aims to assess accuracy and clinical utility of postmortem radiological exams [Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT) and Radiography (XR)] after termination of pregnancy at <23 weeks' gestation for congenital fetal malformations in comparison to autopsy. Study design: This a prospective single-center study on fetuses underwent termination of pregnancy for fetal defects. Overall concordance between any radiological exam and autopsy was evaluated. For postmortem MRI only, the following subgroups were analyzed: 1) total agreement; 2) agreement for main findings; 3) agreement for main findings but major relevant additional findings at autopsy; 4) total disagreement. Results: 174 cases were collected. The overall concordance with autopsy for main findings was 71% (115/163) for postmortem MRI and 99% (173/174) for prenatal ultrasound (US). Postmortem MRI detection rate was high for central nervous system (CNS) defects (98%), gastrointestinal, genitourinary and respiratory defects (100%), while it was poor for cardiovascular and musculoskeletal defects (25% and 42%, respectively). For musculoskeletal abnormalities, the performance of postmortem XR and postmortem CT exams improved the detection rate from 42% for postmortem MRI alone to 92%. Conclusions: Postmortem MRI has a good overall concordance for fetal defects after termination of pregnancy performed at <23 weeks. Along with autopsy, postmortem MRI may be offered for all cases of CNS defects in order to prevent inconclusive exams due to autolysis of the brain tissue, while postmortem CT and postmortem XR are indicated for musculoskeletal defects. In the presence of multiple abnormalities or cardiac defects the couple should be counseled on the poor performance of radiological investigations.

Accuracy and clinical utility of standard postmortem radiological imaging after early second trimester termination of pregnancy

Fantasia, Ilaria
;
Bussani, Rossana;D'Ottavio, Giuseppina;Quadrifoglio, Mariachiara;Belcaro, Chiara;Bussolaro, Sofia;Stampalija, Tamara
2022

Abstract

Objective: This study aims to assess accuracy and clinical utility of postmortem radiological exams [Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT) and Radiography (XR)] after termination of pregnancy at <23 weeks' gestation for congenital fetal malformations in comparison to autopsy. Study design: This a prospective single-center study on fetuses underwent termination of pregnancy for fetal defects. Overall concordance between any radiological exam and autopsy was evaluated. For postmortem MRI only, the following subgroups were analyzed: 1) total agreement; 2) agreement for main findings; 3) agreement for main findings but major relevant additional findings at autopsy; 4) total disagreement. Results: 174 cases were collected. The overall concordance with autopsy for main findings was 71% (115/163) for postmortem MRI and 99% (173/174) for prenatal ultrasound (US). Postmortem MRI detection rate was high for central nervous system (CNS) defects (98%), gastrointestinal, genitourinary and respiratory defects (100%), while it was poor for cardiovascular and musculoskeletal defects (25% and 42%, respectively). For musculoskeletal abnormalities, the performance of postmortem XR and postmortem CT exams improved the detection rate from 42% for postmortem MRI alone to 92%. Conclusions: Postmortem MRI has a good overall concordance for fetal defects after termination of pregnancy performed at <23 weeks. Along with autopsy, postmortem MRI may be offered for all cases of CNS defects in order to prevent inconclusive exams due to autolysis of the brain tissue, while postmortem CT and postmortem XR are indicated for musculoskeletal defects. In the presence of multiple abnormalities or cardiac defects the couple should be counseled on the poor performance of radiological investigations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3029251
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