Objective: To assess the prevalence of atherosclerotic carotid artery disease (ACAD) in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and postoperative cerebrovascular and evaluate its prognostic impact on post-operative cerebrovascular incidents (CVA). Methods: Retrospective review of all consecutive patients with severe symptomatic aortic valve stenosis (AVS) who underwent TAVI at a single tertiary university hospital (January 2008-December 2018). Patients with AVS scheduled for TAVI and concomitant carotid stenosis were evaluated for prophylactic carotid revascularization (carotid endarterectomy, CEA or carotid artery stenting, CAS). Results: 771 consecutive patients (mean age 80 years, 52% males), were treated by TAVI procedures. Carotid stenosis >70% was detected in 69 patients (9%); it was unilateral in 47 (68%) and bilateral in 22 (32%). Prophylactic carotid revascularization was performed before TAVI in 45 patients (31%): in 63.1% of patients (30/47) with unilateral carotid stenosis >70%, and in 68.1% (15/22) with bilateral carotid stenosis >70%. Postoperative CVA following TAVI procedures were recorded in 25 patients (3.2%): 22 cases of stroke (2.8%) and 3 cases of transient ischemic attack (0.4%). At multiple logistic regression, only bilateral carotid stenosis >70% (OR 1.16, CI 95% 1.03-1.31; p=.0009) was found as independent predictors of periprocedural CVA. Conclusions: In patients with severe symptomatic AVS undergoing TAVI, carotid stenosis was frequently observed. Unilateral carotid stenosis >70% did not show a significant association with early CVA following TAVI. However, in the cohort of patients with bilateral carotid stenosis >70%, a significant association with postoperative CVA was observed.

Prevalence and Prognostic Impact of Carotid Artery Disease in Patients Undergoing TAVI

Lepidi, Sandro
;
D'Oria, Mario;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To assess the prevalence of atherosclerotic carotid artery disease (ACAD) in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and postoperative cerebrovascular and evaluate its prognostic impact on post-operative cerebrovascular incidents (CVA). Methods: Retrospective review of all consecutive patients with severe symptomatic aortic valve stenosis (AVS) who underwent TAVI at a single tertiary university hospital (January 2008-December 2018). Patients with AVS scheduled for TAVI and concomitant carotid stenosis were evaluated for prophylactic carotid revascularization (carotid endarterectomy, CEA or carotid artery stenting, CAS). Results: 771 consecutive patients (mean age 80 years, 52% males), were treated by TAVI procedures. Carotid stenosis >70% was detected in 69 patients (9%); it was unilateral in 47 (68%) and bilateral in 22 (32%). Prophylactic carotid revascularization was performed before TAVI in 45 patients (31%): in 63.1% of patients (30/47) with unilateral carotid stenosis >70%, and in 68.1% (15/22) with bilateral carotid stenosis >70%. Postoperative CVA following TAVI procedures were recorded in 25 patients (3.2%): 22 cases of stroke (2.8%) and 3 cases of transient ischemic attack (0.4%). At multiple logistic regression, only bilateral carotid stenosis >70% (OR 1.16, CI 95% 1.03-1.31; p=.0009) was found as independent predictors of periprocedural CVA. Conclusions: In patients with severe symptomatic AVS undergoing TAVI, carotid stenosis was frequently observed. Unilateral carotid stenosis >70% did not show a significant association with early CVA following TAVI. However, in the cohort of patients with bilateral carotid stenosis >70%, a significant association with postoperative CVA was observed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3036338
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