Objectives: The aim of this clinical observational study was to assess the efficacy of L-PRF as a hemostatic agent in patients under treatment with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) or direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). Materials and methods: Patients under oral anticoagulant therapy (VKA or DOACs) who needed a single simple tooth extraction were enrolled. L-PRF plug was positioned inside the alveolus and secured with non-absorbable sutures. Surgical time, pain-VAS, paracetamol intake, intra-operative, post-operative biological complications, and bleeding events have been registered. Results: A total of 112 patients (59 patients for DOAC and 53 for VKA group) were enrolled. Post-operative bleeding was recorded in nine patients (17%) for VKA group and nine patients (15.3%) for DOACs group. None of the patients needed a medical support for managing of bleeding. Seven days after surgery, no cases of post-extractive complications occurred. Conclusions: The use of L-PRF resulted in limited mild late post-operative bleedings without the need of medical intervention. Clinical relevance: The use of L-PRF can be adopted for an uneventful post-operative curse in anticoagulated patients without chasing their therapy for single tooth extraction.

Is L-PRF an effective hemostatic agent in single tooth extractions? A cohort study on VKA and DOAC patients

Berton, Federico
Conceptualization
;
Costantinides, Fulvia
Methodology
;
Stacchi, Claudio;Corradini, Ambra;Di Lenarda, Andrea;Di Lenarda, Roberto
2023-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this clinical observational study was to assess the efficacy of L-PRF as a hemostatic agent in patients under treatment with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) or direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). Materials and methods: Patients under oral anticoagulant therapy (VKA or DOACs) who needed a single simple tooth extraction were enrolled. L-PRF plug was positioned inside the alveolus and secured with non-absorbable sutures. Surgical time, pain-VAS, paracetamol intake, intra-operative, post-operative biological complications, and bleeding events have been registered. Results: A total of 112 patients (59 patients for DOAC and 53 for VKA group) were enrolled. Post-operative bleeding was recorded in nine patients (17%) for VKA group and nine patients (15.3%) for DOACs group. None of the patients needed a medical support for managing of bleeding. Seven days after surgery, no cases of post-extractive complications occurred. Conclusions: The use of L-PRF resulted in limited mild late post-operative bleedings without the need of medical intervention. Clinical relevance: The use of L-PRF can be adopted for an uneventful post-operative curse in anticoagulated patients without chasing their therapy for single tooth extraction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3044599
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