Background: This review synthetizes recent literature about in-situ aortic reconstructions for abdominal aortic graft or endograft infections (AGEIs), aiming to report outcomes individually related to currently available vascular substitutes (VSs). Methods: We performed a systematic review of all published literature from January 2005 to December 2022. We included articles reporting on open surgical treatment of abdominal AGEIs, with removal of the infected graft and in-situ reconstruction with biological or prosthetic material. Articles not distinguishing between abdominal and thoracic aortic-related outcomes were excluded, as well as studies reporting on cumulative in-situ and extra-anatomic reconstruction results. Results: Of 500 records identified through database searching (Pubmed: 226; Embase: 274), 8 of them were included in the present review. Overall, 30-days mortality rate was 8.7% (25/285), while the most frequent early complications were respiratory adverse events (46/346, 13.3%) and renal function deterioration (26/85, 30%). In 250/350 cases (71.4%), a biological VS was utilized. In 4 articles, the outcomes of different types of VSs were presented jointly. Patients analyzed in the remaining 4 reports were sorted in a "biological" and a "prosthetic" group (BG and PG). The cumulative mortality rate of the BG and PG were 15.6% (33/212) and 27% (9/33), respectively, while graft reinfection was 6.3% (15/236) in the BG, and 9% (3/33) in the PG. The cumulative mortality rate reported in articles focused on autologous veins was 14.8% (30/202), while their 30-days reinfection rate was 5.7% (13/226). Conclusions: Since abdominal AGEIs are uncommon conditions, literature focused on direct comparison between different types of VSs is scarce, particularly when related to materials other than autologous veins. Although we found a lower overall mortality rate in patients treated with biological material or with autologous veins only, in recent reports prosthesis provide promising results in terms of mortality and reinfection rate. However, none of the available studies distinguish and compares different types of prosthetic material. Large multicenter studies are advisable, especially focused on different types of VSs and their comparison.

A Systematic Review of In-situ Aortic Reconstructions for Abdominal Aortic Graft and Endograft Infections: Outcomes of Currently Available Options for Surgical Replacement

D'Oria M.;Lepidi S.;Ruaro B.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: This review synthetizes recent literature about in-situ aortic reconstructions for abdominal aortic graft or endograft infections (AGEIs), aiming to report outcomes individually related to currently available vascular substitutes (VSs). Methods: We performed a systematic review of all published literature from January 2005 to December 2022. We included articles reporting on open surgical treatment of abdominal AGEIs, with removal of the infected graft and in-situ reconstruction with biological or prosthetic material. Articles not distinguishing between abdominal and thoracic aortic-related outcomes were excluded, as well as studies reporting on cumulative in-situ and extra-anatomic reconstruction results. Results: Of 500 records identified through database searching (Pubmed: 226; Embase: 274), 8 of them were included in the present review. Overall, 30-days mortality rate was 8.7% (25/285), while the most frequent early complications were respiratory adverse events (46/346, 13.3%) and renal function deterioration (26/85, 30%). In 250/350 cases (71.4%), a biological VS was utilized. In 4 articles, the outcomes of different types of VSs were presented jointly. Patients analyzed in the remaining 4 reports were sorted in a "biological" and a "prosthetic" group (BG and PG). The cumulative mortality rate of the BG and PG were 15.6% (33/212) and 27% (9/33), respectively, while graft reinfection was 6.3% (15/236) in the BG, and 9% (3/33) in the PG. The cumulative mortality rate reported in articles focused on autologous veins was 14.8% (30/202), while their 30-days reinfection rate was 5.7% (13/226). Conclusions: Since abdominal AGEIs are uncommon conditions, literature focused on direct comparison between different types of VSs is scarce, particularly when related to materials other than autologous veins. Although we found a lower overall mortality rate in patients treated with biological material or with autologous veins only, in recent reports prosthesis provide promising results in terms of mortality and reinfection rate. However, none of the available studies distinguish and compares different types of prosthetic material. Large multicenter studies are advisable, especially focused on different types of VSs and their comparison.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3048098
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