BACKGROUND: Primary dysmenorrhea represents one of the most common causes of pelvic and low back pain. Pharmacological treatment can present some side effects, and non-pharmacological treatments should be considered to improve the symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of manual therapy (MT), pelvic floor exercises (PFE), and their combination (MT + PFE) to improve clinical outcomes and pain sensitivity in women with primary dysmenorrhea. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted. Thirty females (age 25.0 ± 6.1 y) with history of primary dysmenorrhea participated to 8 sessions of 60 min of either MT, PFE or MT + PFE, twice per week. They participated to the different treatments according to the different services offered by the school of physiotherapy. A 0–10 numeric rating scale (NRS) was administered to assess subjective pain, while short-form 36 (SF-36) was used to evaluate quality of life. The pressure pain threshold (PPT) was assessed with a portable algometer on different pelvic and lumbar areas. RESULTS: Independently from the treatment, significant improvements were reported for general pain NRS (p < 0.001; pη2 = 0.511), as well as most the domains of the SF-36, although the general health domain did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.613; pη2 = 0.010). PPT revealed a general improvement in all tested body areas, although on the quadratus lumborum, the PFE treatment did not induce a significant improvement compared to the MT and MT + PFE protocols (p = 0.039). CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the importance of proposing physiotherapy treatments to females with primary dysmenorrhea to improve symptoms, with manual therapy combined with active pelvic floor exercise providing the best outcomes including an improvement of lumbar pain thresholds.

Efficacy of manual therapy and pelvic floor exercises for pain reduction in primary dysmenorrhea: A prospective observational study

Deodato, Manuela;Martini, Miriam;Murena, Luigi;Buoite Stella, Alex
2023-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Primary dysmenorrhea represents one of the most common causes of pelvic and low back pain. Pharmacological treatment can present some side effects, and non-pharmacological treatments should be considered to improve the symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of manual therapy (MT), pelvic floor exercises (PFE), and their combination (MT + PFE) to improve clinical outcomes and pain sensitivity in women with primary dysmenorrhea. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted. Thirty females (age 25.0 ± 6.1 y) with history of primary dysmenorrhea participated to 8 sessions of 60 min of either MT, PFE or MT + PFE, twice per week. They participated to the different treatments according to the different services offered by the school of physiotherapy. A 0–10 numeric rating scale (NRS) was administered to assess subjective pain, while short-form 36 (SF-36) was used to evaluate quality of life. The pressure pain threshold (PPT) was assessed with a portable algometer on different pelvic and lumbar areas. RESULTS: Independently from the treatment, significant improvements were reported for general pain NRS (p < 0.001; pη2 = 0.511), as well as most the domains of the SF-36, although the general health domain did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.613; pη2 = 0.010). PPT revealed a general improvement in all tested body areas, although on the quadratus lumborum, the PFE treatment did not induce a significant improvement compared to the MT and MT + PFE protocols (p = 0.039). CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the importance of proposing physiotherapy treatments to females with primary dysmenorrhea to improve symptoms, with manual therapy combined with active pelvic floor exercise providing the best outcomes including an improvement of lumbar pain thresholds.
2023
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https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1360859223001493?via=ihub
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3051938
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