We report the detection of CO(6-5) and CO(7-6) and their underlying continua from the host galaxy of quasar J100758.264+211529.207 (Pōniuā'ena) at z=7.5419, obtained with the NOrthern Extended Millimeter Array (NOEMA). Pōniuā'ena belongs to the HYPerluminous quasars at the Epoch of ReionizatION (HYPERION) sample of 17 $z>6$ quasars selected to be powered by supermassive black holes (SMBH) which experienced the fastest mass growth in the first Gyr of the Universe. The one reported here is the highest-redshift measurement of the cold and dense molecular gas to date. The host galaxy is unresolved and the line luminosity implies a molecular reservoir of $\rm M(H_2)=(2.2\pm0.2)\times 10^{10}$ $\rm M_\odot$, assuming a CO spectral line energy distribution typical of high-redshift quasars and a conversion factor $\alpha=0.8$ $\rm M_{\odot} (K\,km \, s^{-1} \,pc^{2})^{-1} $. We model the cold dust spectral energy distribution (SED) to derive a dust mass of M$_{\rm dust} =(2.1\pm 0.7)\times 10^8$ $\rm M_\odot$, and thus a gas to dust ratio $\sim100$. Both the gas and dust mass are not dissimilar from the reservoir found for luminous quasars at $z\sim6$. We use the CO detection to derive an estimate of the cosmic mass density of $\rm H_2$, $\Omega_{H_2} \simeq 1.31 \times 10^{-5}$. This value is in line with the general trend suggested by literature estimates at $ z < 7 $ and agrees fairly well with the latest theoretical expectations of non-equilibrium molecular-chemistry cosmological simulations of cold gas at early times.

First constraints of dense molecular gas at z~7.5 from the quasar Pōniuā'ena

Umberto Maio;Roberta Tripodi;Manuela Bischetti;Valentina D'Odorico;
2023-01-01

Abstract

We report the detection of CO(6-5) and CO(7-6) and their underlying continua from the host galaxy of quasar J100758.264+211529.207 (Pōniuā'ena) at z=7.5419, obtained with the NOrthern Extended Millimeter Array (NOEMA). Pōniuā'ena belongs to the HYPerluminous quasars at the Epoch of ReionizatION (HYPERION) sample of 17 $z>6$ quasars selected to be powered by supermassive black holes (SMBH) which experienced the fastest mass growth in the first Gyr of the Universe. The one reported here is the highest-redshift measurement of the cold and dense molecular gas to date. The host galaxy is unresolved and the line luminosity implies a molecular reservoir of $\rm M(H_2)=(2.2\pm0.2)\times 10^{10}$ $\rm M_\odot$, assuming a CO spectral line energy distribution typical of high-redshift quasars and a conversion factor $\alpha=0.8$ $\rm M_{\odot} (K\,km \, s^{-1} \,pc^{2})^{-1} $. We model the cold dust spectral energy distribution (SED) to derive a dust mass of M$_{\rm dust} =(2.1\pm 0.7)\times 10^8$ $\rm M_\odot$, and thus a gas to dust ratio $\sim100$. Both the gas and dust mass are not dissimilar from the reservoir found for luminous quasars at $z\sim6$. We use the CO detection to derive an estimate of the cosmic mass density of $\rm H_2$, $\Omega_{H_2} \simeq 1.31 \times 10^{-5}$. This value is in line with the general trend suggested by literature estimates at $ z < 7 $ and agrees fairly well with the latest theoretical expectations of non-equilibrium molecular-chemistry cosmological simulations of cold gas at early times.
2023
Pubblicato
https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/2041-8213/ace0c8
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Feruglio_2023_ApJL_954_L10.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 885.82 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
885.82 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3053184
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact