The genus Pseudooneotodus (Drygant, 1974) is a genus of small and conical elements widely distributed from the Middle Ordovician to the Early Devonian throughout the world. Because of its unusual shape, Pseudooneotodus has long been considered enigmatic, and only in the late nineties of the last century the genus has been finally placed within conodonts according to histological data. This study investigates possible similarities between Pseudooneotodus and Eurytholia (Sutton et al., 2001), an incertae sedis genus of enigmatic plates with a phosphate composition. An association of over one hundred specimens of Pseudooneotodus beckmanni and Eurytholia bohemica was analyzed from conodont residues in two distinct geographical areas: the Prague Basin (Poˇz´ary and Muˇslovka sections, Bohemia, Czech Republic) and the Carnic Alps (Rauchkofel Boden section, Austria). Through an investigation that combines the use of optical and electron microscopy (including focused ion beam scanning electron microscopy), X-ray microdiffraction, and trace element (HFSE) analysis by mass spectrometry, differences between these fossil groups were observed and compared with data resulting from typical conodonts (Dapsilodus obliquicostatus, Panderodus unicostatus and Wurmiella excavata) recovered from the same samples.

To be or not to be a conodont. The controversial story of Pseudooneotodus and Eurytholia

Corradini C.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

The genus Pseudooneotodus (Drygant, 1974) is a genus of small and conical elements widely distributed from the Middle Ordovician to the Early Devonian throughout the world. Because of its unusual shape, Pseudooneotodus has long been considered enigmatic, and only in the late nineties of the last century the genus has been finally placed within conodonts according to histological data. This study investigates possible similarities between Pseudooneotodus and Eurytholia (Sutton et al., 2001), an incertae sedis genus of enigmatic plates with a phosphate composition. An association of over one hundred specimens of Pseudooneotodus beckmanni and Eurytholia bohemica was analyzed from conodont residues in two distinct geographical areas: the Prague Basin (Poˇz´ary and Muˇslovka sections, Bohemia, Czech Republic) and the Carnic Alps (Rauchkofel Boden section, Austria). Through an investigation that combines the use of optical and electron microscopy (including focused ion beam scanning electron microscopy), X-ray microdiffraction, and trace element (HFSE) analysis by mass spectrometry, differences between these fossil groups were observed and compared with data resulting from typical conodonts (Dapsilodus obliquicostatus, Panderodus unicostatus and Wurmiella excavata) recovered from the same samples.
2023
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https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377839823000579?via=ihub
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3054638
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