We report the first known case of PAMI syndrome associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) with a positive response to cyclophosphamide and pulmonary vasodilators. The patient's history began at 7 months with severe pancytopenia and fever. As time progressed, migrating arthritis, hepatosplenomegaly, and a growth deficit manifested without a plausible explanation. At the age of 17, worsening dyspnea led to a diagnosis of severe pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension and, after a multidisciplinary evaluation, a dual therapy with both vasoactive and immunosuppressive agents led to rapid clinical improvement. After a decade of stability, stopping sildenafil caused deterioration, reversed upon reintroduction. Thirty years after the onset of signs and symptoms, a genetic test identified the underlying condition known as PAMI syndrome. As PAMI syndrome involves intense systemic inflammation similar to PAH related to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), parameters and functional autonomy appropriately responded to early immunosuppressive and vasoactive therapy. PAMI syndrome, a rare autoinflammatory disease, is linked to precapillary pulmonary hypertension but the exact cause and optimal treatment approach are not fully understood, requiring further research for clarification and improved treatment options.

A very rare cause of pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension: The PAMI syndrome

Savonitto, Giulio
;
Tommasini, Alberto;Pin, Alessia;Sinagra, Gianfranco;Stolfo, Davide
2023-01-01

Abstract

We report the first known case of PAMI syndrome associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) with a positive response to cyclophosphamide and pulmonary vasodilators. The patient's history began at 7 months with severe pancytopenia and fever. As time progressed, migrating arthritis, hepatosplenomegaly, and a growth deficit manifested without a plausible explanation. At the age of 17, worsening dyspnea led to a diagnosis of severe pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension and, after a multidisciplinary evaluation, a dual therapy with both vasoactive and immunosuppressive agents led to rapid clinical improvement. After a decade of stability, stopping sildenafil caused deterioration, reversed upon reintroduction. Thirty years after the onset of signs and symptoms, a genetic test identified the underlying condition known as PAMI syndrome. As PAMI syndrome involves intense systemic inflammation similar to PAH related to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), parameters and functional autonomy appropriately responded to early immunosuppressive and vasoactive therapy. PAMI syndrome, a rare autoinflammatory disease, is linked to precapillary pulmonary hypertension but the exact cause and optimal treatment approach are not fully understood, requiring further research for clarification and improved treatment options.
2023
Pubblicato
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1002/pul2.12300
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10590960/
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3061838
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