Updated data on genital Mollicutes prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility can help provide guidance for antibiotic stewardship and set up effective strategies for infection control policies. In this multicentre study, we assessed the prevalence and the resistance profile of Mycoplasma hominis (MH) and Ureaplasma species (U. parvum/U. urealyticum), analyzing data from 21,210 subjects who provided urogenital samples for Mollicutes detection by culture over a 5-year period (2017-2021) in two high-density urban areas in the North of Italy (i.e., Bologna and Lecco). Overall prevalence of Mollicutes infection was 22.3%, with women showing a significantly higher detection rate than men (p < 0.00001). The prevalence decreased with age (highest prevalence <30 years) and over the years considered. Ureaplasma strains were much more frequently detected (62.3%) compared to MH (8.3%) and to mixed infections (29.4%). Ureaplasma species showed high levels of ciprofloxacin resistance (39.5%), whereas MH strains were nonsusceptible to azithromycin and roxithromycin in about 60% of cases. Over time, a significant decrease of resistance to azithromycin and doxycycline was detected (p < 0.0001 and 0.0004, respectively), in parallel with an important increase of ciprofloxacin-resistance levels (p < 0.0001). Overall, our results revealed that minocycline and josamycin can be first-line drugs for Mollicutes empirical treatment.

Antimicrobial Resistance of Genital Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma: A Multicentre Study Over a 5-Year Period in Italy (2017-2021)

Di Bella, Stefano
2024-01-01

Abstract

Updated data on genital Mollicutes prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility can help provide guidance for antibiotic stewardship and set up effective strategies for infection control policies. In this multicentre study, we assessed the prevalence and the resistance profile of Mycoplasma hominis (MH) and Ureaplasma species (U. parvum/U. urealyticum), analyzing data from 21,210 subjects who provided urogenital samples for Mollicutes detection by culture over a 5-year period (2017-2021) in two high-density urban areas in the North of Italy (i.e., Bologna and Lecco). Overall prevalence of Mollicutes infection was 22.3%, with women showing a significantly higher detection rate than men (p < 0.00001). The prevalence decreased with age (highest prevalence <30 years) and over the years considered. Ureaplasma strains were much more frequently detected (62.3%) compared to MH (8.3%) and to mixed infections (29.4%). Ureaplasma species showed high levels of ciprofloxacin resistance (39.5%), whereas MH strains were nonsusceptible to azithromycin and roxithromycin in about 60% of cases. Over time, a significant decrease of resistance to azithromycin and doxycycline was detected (p < 0.0001 and 0.0004, respectively), in parallel with an important increase of ciprofloxacin-resistance levels (p < 0.0001). Overall, our results revealed that minocycline and josamycin can be first-line drugs for Mollicutes empirical treatment.
2024
7-dic-2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3066681
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