We present a novel method for simulating the noisy behavior of quantum computers, which allows to efficiently incorporate environmental effects in the driven evolution implementing the gates acting on the qubits. We show how to modify the noiseless gate executed by the computer to include any Markovian noise, hence resulting in what we will call a noisy gate. We compare our method with the IBM qiskit simulator, and show that it follows more closely both the analytical solution of the Lindblad equation as well as the behavior of a real quantum computer, where we ran algorithms involving up to 18 qubits; as such, our protocol offers a more accurate simulator for NISQ devices. The method is flexible enough to potentially describe any noise, including non-Markovian ones. The noise simulator based on this work is available as a python package at the link, https://pypi.org/project/quantum-gates.

Noisy gates for simulating quantum computers

Di Bartolomeo, Giovanni
;
Vischi, Michele
;
Cesa, Francesco;Donadi, Sandro;Bassi, Angelo
2023-01-01

Abstract

We present a novel method for simulating the noisy behavior of quantum computers, which allows to efficiently incorporate environmental effects in the driven evolution implementing the gates acting on the qubits. We show how to modify the noiseless gate executed by the computer to include any Markovian noise, hence resulting in what we will call a noisy gate. We compare our method with the IBM qiskit simulator, and show that it follows more closely both the analytical solution of the Lindblad equation as well as the behavior of a real quantum computer, where we ran algorithms involving up to 18 qubits; as such, our protocol offers a more accurate simulator for NISQ devices. The method is flexible enough to potentially describe any noise, including non-Markovian ones. The noise simulator based on this work is available as a python package at the link, https://pypi.org/project/quantum-gates.
2023
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https://journals.aps.org/prresearch/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevResearch.5.043210
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3068238
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