Introduction: Skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) entails complete removal of the breast tissue and the nipple and areola complex (NAC) with preservation of as much of the overlying skin as possible. The preservation of the natural skin envelope during SSM improves the aesthetic outcome of immediate breast reconstruction, but the lack of NAC determines that the reconstructed breast remains anatomically incomplete with not always satisfactory final results. For this purpose, the aim of the present study was to investigate and evaluate the impact of nipple reconstruction after skin sparing and skin reducing mastectomy on the patients' perception and intimate life. Materials and method: This was a comparative single-center prospective study that involved 42 patients underwent NAC reconstruction after SSM. A pre- and postoperative quality-of-life and psychological questionnaires Breast-Q questionnaire (Breast Conserving therapy module) were given to all the patients before the surgery and 6 months after. The statistical analysis with chi-square test was performed. Results: After 6 months a prevalence of patients reported to be very satisfied in regard to shape, appearance, naturalness, projection, position and symmetry. The study shows an overall improvement in all the psychological items analyzed with statistically significant difference regarding: "patient's satisfaction," "self-confidence," "appearance of the breast." Conclusion: The authors believe that the NAC reconstruction has useful functional and aesthetic results particularly appreciated by patients who feel demoralized after breast demolition surgery.

Nipple Reconstruction Using the “Arrow Flap” Technique: Outcomes and Patients Satisfaction

Cazzato, Vito;Scian, Alessandro;Bonat Guarini, Luigi;Sidoti, Giulia Benedetta;Renzi, Nadia;Ramella, Vittorio;Papa, Giovanni
2024-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) entails complete removal of the breast tissue and the nipple and areola complex (NAC) with preservation of as much of the overlying skin as possible. The preservation of the natural skin envelope during SSM improves the aesthetic outcome of immediate breast reconstruction, but the lack of NAC determines that the reconstructed breast remains anatomically incomplete with not always satisfactory final results. For this purpose, the aim of the present study was to investigate and evaluate the impact of nipple reconstruction after skin sparing and skin reducing mastectomy on the patients' perception and intimate life. Materials and method: This was a comparative single-center prospective study that involved 42 patients underwent NAC reconstruction after SSM. A pre- and postoperative quality-of-life and psychological questionnaires Breast-Q questionnaire (Breast Conserving therapy module) were given to all the patients before the surgery and 6 months after. The statistical analysis with chi-square test was performed. Results: After 6 months a prevalence of patients reported to be very satisfied in regard to shape, appearance, naturalness, projection, position and symmetry. The study shows an overall improvement in all the psychological items analyzed with statistically significant difference regarding: "patient's satisfaction," "self-confidence," "appearance of the breast." Conclusion: The authors believe that the NAC reconstruction has useful functional and aesthetic results particularly appreciated by patients who feel demoralized after breast demolition surgery.
2024
Epub ahead of print
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3071941
 Avviso

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact