This study was designed to prospectively investigate the pattern of intraventricular hemodynamic forces (HDFs) associated with left ventricular (LV) function and remodeling in women with uncomplicated twin pregnancy. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed on 35 women (aged 35.9 ± 4.7-yr old) during gestation (T1, <14 wk; T2, 14–27 wk; T3, >28 wk) and 6–7 mo after delivery (T0). LV HDFs were computed from echocardiography long-axis data sets using a novel technique based on endocardial boundary tracking, both in apex-base (A-B) and latero-septal (L-S) directions. HDF distribution was evaluated by L-S over A-B HDF ratio (L-S:A-B HDF ratio). At T1, L-S:A-B HDF ratio was higher than in T0 (P < 0.05) indicating HDF misalignment. At T2, a slight impairment of cardiac function was then recorded with a reduction of global longitudinal strain (GLS) and left ventricular end-systolic elastance (Ees) at pressure-volume relationship analysis versus T1 (both P < 0.05). Finally, at T3, when HDF misalignment and LV contractility reduction (GLS and Ees) were all restored, a rightward shift of the end-diastolic pressure-volume relationship (EDPVR) with an increase of ventricular capacitance was documented. In twin pregnancy, HDF misalignment in the first trimester precedes the slight temporary decrease in left ventricular systolic function in the second trimester; at the third trimester, a rightward shift of the EDPVR was associated with a realignment of HDF and normalization of ventricular contractility indexes. These coordinated changes that occur in the maternal heart during twin pregnancy suggest the role of HDFs in cardiac remodeling.

Left ventricular remodeling in twin pregnancy, noninvasively assessed using hemodynamic forces and pressure-volume relation analysis: prospective, cohort study

Pedrizzetti G.;
2024-01-01

Abstract

This study was designed to prospectively investigate the pattern of intraventricular hemodynamic forces (HDFs) associated with left ventricular (LV) function and remodeling in women with uncomplicated twin pregnancy. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed on 35 women (aged 35.9 ± 4.7-yr old) during gestation (T1, <14 wk; T2, 14–27 wk; T3, >28 wk) and 6–7 mo after delivery (T0). LV HDFs were computed from echocardiography long-axis data sets using a novel technique based on endocardial boundary tracking, both in apex-base (A-B) and latero-septal (L-S) directions. HDF distribution was evaluated by L-S over A-B HDF ratio (L-S:A-B HDF ratio). At T1, L-S:A-B HDF ratio was higher than in T0 (P < 0.05) indicating HDF misalignment. At T2, a slight impairment of cardiac function was then recorded with a reduction of global longitudinal strain (GLS) and left ventricular end-systolic elastance (Ees) at pressure-volume relationship analysis versus T1 (both P < 0.05). Finally, at T3, when HDF misalignment and LV contractility reduction (GLS and Ees) were all restored, a rightward shift of the end-diastolic pressure-volume relationship (EDPVR) with an increase of ventricular capacitance was documented. In twin pregnancy, HDF misalignment in the first trimester precedes the slight temporary decrease in left ventricular systolic function in the second trimester; at the third trimester, a rightward shift of the EDPVR was associated with a realignment of HDF and normalization of ventricular contractility indexes. These coordinated changes that occur in the maternal heart during twin pregnancy suggest the role of HDFs in cardiac remodeling.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3078359
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