INTRODUCTION: Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the most important nosocomial pathogens, mainly due to its ability to accumulate antibiotic-resistances and to persist in the hospital environment - characteristics related to biofilm production. It is well-known that A. baumannii is inhibited by the proline-rich peptide Bac7(1-35), but its putative effects at sub-MICs were never considered. AIMS: We examined the sub-MIC effect of Bac7(1-35) on the growth rate, resistance induction and some A. baumannii features linked to virulence. METHODOLOGY: Growth kinetics in the presence of sub-MICs of Bac7(1-35) were evaluated spectrophotometrically. Peptide uptake was quantified by cytometric analysis. The ability of Bac7(1-35) to interfere with biofilm production was investigated by the crystal violet method and confocal microscopy. Bacterial motility was observed at the interphase between a layer of a semi-solid medium and the polystyrene bottom of a Petri dish. The induction of resistance was evaluated after serial passages with sub-MICs of the peptide. RESULTS: Although the MIC of Bac7(1-35) was between 2-4 µM for all tested strains, its effect on the growth rate at sub-MICs was strain-dependent and correlated with the amount of peptide internalized by each strain. Sub-MICs of Bac7(1-35) induced a strongly strain-dependent effect on biofilm formation and reduced motility in almost all strains, but interestingly the peptide did not induce resistance. CONCLUSION: Bac7(1-35) is internalized into A. baumannii and is able to inhibit biofilm formation and bacterial motility, without inducing resistance. This study stresses the importance of considering possible effects that antimicrobials could have at sub-MICs, mimicking a common condition during antibiotic treatment.

Sub-Mic effects of a proline-rich antibacterial peptide on clinical isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii

Dolzani L;Milan A;Scocchi M;Lagatolla C;Bressan R;Benincasa M.
2019-01-01

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the most important nosocomial pathogens, mainly due to its ability to accumulate antibiotic-resistances and to persist in the hospital environment - characteristics related to biofilm production. It is well-known that A. baumannii is inhibited by the proline-rich peptide Bac7(1-35), but its putative effects at sub-MICs were never considered. AIMS: We examined the sub-MIC effect of Bac7(1-35) on the growth rate, resistance induction and some A. baumannii features linked to virulence. METHODOLOGY: Growth kinetics in the presence of sub-MICs of Bac7(1-35) were evaluated spectrophotometrically. Peptide uptake was quantified by cytometric analysis. The ability of Bac7(1-35) to interfere with biofilm production was investigated by the crystal violet method and confocal microscopy. Bacterial motility was observed at the interphase between a layer of a semi-solid medium and the polystyrene bottom of a Petri dish. The induction of resistance was evaluated after serial passages with sub-MICs of the peptide. RESULTS: Although the MIC of Bac7(1-35) was between 2-4 µM for all tested strains, its effect on the growth rate at sub-MICs was strain-dependent and correlated with the amount of peptide internalized by each strain. Sub-MICs of Bac7(1-35) induced a strongly strain-dependent effect on biofilm formation and reduced motility in almost all strains, but interestingly the peptide did not induce resistance. CONCLUSION: Bac7(1-35) is internalized into A. baumannii and is able to inhibit biofilm formation and bacterial motility, without inducing resistance. This study stresses the importance of considering possible effects that antimicrobials could have at sub-MICs, mimicking a common condition during antibiotic treatment.
19-giu-2019
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https://jmm.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.001028
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2945211
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