Cavitation is often simulated using a mixture model, which considers the transport of an active scalar, namely the vapor fraction αv . Source and sink terms of the transport equation of αv, namely vaporization and condensation terms, rule the dynamics of the cavity and are described through different models. These models contain empirical coefficients generally calibrated through optimization processes. The purpose of this paper is to propose an analytical approach for the calculation of the coefficients, based on the time scales of vaporization and condensation processes. Four different models are compared considering as a test-case a two-dimensional flow around a cylinder. Some relevant quantities are analyzed both for standard value of coefficients, as found in the literature, and the coefficients calculated through the analytical approach. The study shows that the analytical computation of the coefficients of the model substantially improve the results, and the models considered give similar results, both in terms of cavitation regime and mean vapor fraction produced.

Analysis of performance of cavitation models with analytically calculated coefficients

Savio A.
;
Cianferra M.;Armenio V.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Cavitation is often simulated using a mixture model, which considers the transport of an active scalar, namely the vapor fraction αv . Source and sink terms of the transport equation of αv, namely vaporization and condensation terms, rule the dynamics of the cavity and are described through different models. These models contain empirical coefficients generally calibrated through optimization processes. The purpose of this paper is to propose an analytical approach for the calculation of the coefficients, based on the time scales of vaporization and condensation processes. Four different models are compared considering as a test-case a two-dimensional flow around a cylinder. Some relevant quantities are analyzed both for standard value of coefficients, as found in the literature, and the coefficients calculated through the analytical approach. The study shows that the analytical computation of the coefficients of the model substantially improve the results, and the models considered give similar results, both in terms of cavitation regime and mean vapor fraction produced.
2021
ott-2021
Pubblicato
https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/14/19/6425
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3014883
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