Introduction: Cardiac tumors are rare and heterogeneous entities which still remain a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. The treatment for most cardiac tumors is prompt surgical resection. We sought to provide an overview of surgical results from a series of consecutive patients treated at our tertiary care center during almost a 20-year experience. Methods and results: In this single center study, 55 consecutive patients with diagnosis of cardiac tumor underwent surgical treatment from January 2002 to April 2021. Of these, 23 (42%) were male and the mean age was 62 ± 12 years. Fifteen (27%) patients were symptomatic at the time of the diagnosis, mostly for dyspnea and palpitations. The most frequent benign cardiac tumor was myxoma (32; 58%), occurring mainly in the left atrium (31; 97%). Pleomorphic sarcoma was the most frequent primary malignant cardiac tumor (4; 7%), mainly located in the ventricles (1; 25% in the left ventricle; 2; 50% in the right ventricle). In all cases of benign tumors surgery was successful with no relapses. Two (50%) pleomorphic sarcomas showed subsequent relapses. After a median follow-up of 44 months, 15 (27%) patients died. Although malignant tumors presented a limited survival, benign tumors showed a very good prognosis. Conclusion: Cardiac tumors require a multidisciplinary approach to guarantee a prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment. In our surgical experience, outcome after surgery of benign tumors was excellent, while malignant tumors had poor prognosis despite radical surgery.

A 20-year experience in cardiac tumors: a single center surgical experience and a review of literature

Restivo, Luca;De Luca, Antonio
;
Fabris, Enrico;Pagura, Linda;Pierri, Alessandro;Korcova, Renata;Bussani, Rossana;Belgrano, Manuel;Sinagra, Gianfranco
2022

Abstract

Introduction: Cardiac tumors are rare and heterogeneous entities which still remain a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. The treatment for most cardiac tumors is prompt surgical resection. We sought to provide an overview of surgical results from a series of consecutive patients treated at our tertiary care center during almost a 20-year experience. Methods and results: In this single center study, 55 consecutive patients with diagnosis of cardiac tumor underwent surgical treatment from January 2002 to April 2021. Of these, 23 (42%) were male and the mean age was 62 ± 12 years. Fifteen (27%) patients were symptomatic at the time of the diagnosis, mostly for dyspnea and palpitations. The most frequent benign cardiac tumor was myxoma (32; 58%), occurring mainly in the left atrium (31; 97%). Pleomorphic sarcoma was the most frequent primary malignant cardiac tumor (4; 7%), mainly located in the ventricles (1; 25% in the left ventricle; 2; 50% in the right ventricle). In all cases of benign tumors surgery was successful with no relapses. Two (50%) pleomorphic sarcomas showed subsequent relapses. After a median follow-up of 44 months, 15 (27%) patients died. Although malignant tumors presented a limited survival, benign tumors showed a very good prognosis. Conclusion: Cardiac tumors require a multidisciplinary approach to guarantee a prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment. In our surgical experience, outcome after surgery of benign tumors was excellent, while malignant tumors had poor prognosis despite radical surgery.
Pubblicato
https://journals.lww.com/jcardiovascularmedicine/Abstract/2022/11000/A_20_year_experience_in_cardiac_tumors__a_single.4.aspx
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Restivo 2022.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Copyright Editore
Dimensione 5.76 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
5.76 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3030502
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact