Objective: Natural history of cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is poorly understood. We aimed to examine the changing mortality of different types of CA over a 30-year period. Patients and methods: Consecutive patients included in the “Trieste CA Registry” from January 1, 1990 through December 31, 2021 were divided into a historical cohort (diagnosed before 2016) and a contemporary cohort (diagnosed after 2016). Light chain (AL), transthyretin (ATTR) and other forms of CA were defined according to international recommendations. The primary and secondary outcome measures were all-cause mortality and cardiac death, respectively. Results: We enrolled 182 patients: 47.3% AL-CA, 44.5% ATTR-CA, 8.2% other etiologies. The number of patients diagnosed with AL and ATTR-CA progressively increased over time, mostly ATTR-CA patients (from 21% before 2016 to 67% after 2016) diagnosed non-invasively. The more consistent increase in event-rate was observed in the long-term (after 50 months) in ATTR-CA compared to the early increase in mortality in AL-CA. In the contemporary cohort, during a median follow up of 16 [4–30] months, ATTRCA was associated with improved overall and cardiac survival compared to AL-CA. At multivariable analysis, ATTR-CA (HR 0.42, p = 0.03), eGFR (HR 0.98, p = 0.033) and ACE-inhibitor therapy (HR 0.24, p < 0.001) predicted overall survival in the contemporary cohort. Conclusion: Incidence and prevalence rates of ATTR-CA and, to a less extent, of AL-CA have been increasing over time, with significant improvements in 2- year survival of ATTR-CA patients from the contemporary cohort. Reaching an early diagnosis and starting disease-modifying treatments will improve longterm survival in CA.

Evolving trends in epidemiology and natural history of cardiac amyloidosis: 30-year experience from a tertiary referral center for cardiomyopathies

Porcari, Aldostefano;Allegro, Valentina;Saro, Riccardo;Varrà, Guerino Giuseppe;Pagura, Linda;Rossi, Maddalena;Lalario, Andrea;Korcova, Renata;Dal Ferro, Matteo;Perkan, Andrea;Dore, Franca;Bussani, Rossana;Zaja, Francesco;Merlo, Marco
;
Sinagra, Gianfranco
2022

Abstract

Objective: Natural history of cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is poorly understood. We aimed to examine the changing mortality of different types of CA over a 30-year period. Patients and methods: Consecutive patients included in the “Trieste CA Registry” from January 1, 1990 through December 31, 2021 were divided into a historical cohort (diagnosed before 2016) and a contemporary cohort (diagnosed after 2016). Light chain (AL), transthyretin (ATTR) and other forms of CA were defined according to international recommendations. The primary and secondary outcome measures were all-cause mortality and cardiac death, respectively. Results: We enrolled 182 patients: 47.3% AL-CA, 44.5% ATTR-CA, 8.2% other etiologies. The number of patients diagnosed with AL and ATTR-CA progressively increased over time, mostly ATTR-CA patients (from 21% before 2016 to 67% after 2016) diagnosed non-invasively. The more consistent increase in event-rate was observed in the long-term (after 50 months) in ATTR-CA compared to the early increase in mortality in AL-CA. In the contemporary cohort, during a median follow up of 16 [4–30] months, ATTRCA was associated with improved overall and cardiac survival compared to AL-CA. At multivariable analysis, ATTR-CA (HR 0.42, p = 0.03), eGFR (HR 0.98, p = 0.033) and ACE-inhibitor therapy (HR 0.24, p < 0.001) predicted overall survival in the contemporary cohort. Conclusion: Incidence and prevalence rates of ATTR-CA and, to a less extent, of AL-CA have been increasing over time, with significant improvements in 2- year survival of ATTR-CA patients from the contemporary cohort. Reaching an early diagnosis and starting disease-modifying treatments will improve longterm survival in CA.
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https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fcvm.2022.1026440/full
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3033978
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