Background Chronic ankle instability can be common in sportsmen and can increase the risk of damaging the articular surfaces and result in negative consequences to joint health. Balance assessment is often used to evaluate ankle instability characteristics and guide rehabilitation protocols. This study aims to investigate balance-related parameters in people with chronic ankle instability and healthy-matched controls, using inertial sensors. Methods Ten young adults with a history of multiple ankle sprains (30 y, 25–34, 5 females) and ten matched healthy controls (30 y, 23–39, 5 females) were invited to participate in the study. Inertial sensors were placed on the head of the astragalus and on the chest to collect kinematic parameters during a 20-s single-leg stance performed on the leg with ankle instability (and corresponding for the healthy controls) and on the contralateral leg, randomly. Outcomes were calculated with MATLAB and subsequently analyzed. Findings A significant group effect was found only for the inversion angle (F1,15 = 12.514, p = 0.003, pη2 = 0.455), consisting of individuals with ankle instability being characterized by higher inversion angles (4.999 degrees, 95% CI: 1.987–8.011, p = 0.003) without significant side differences. No significant side x group effects were found for the assessed parameters. Interpretation Results from this study suggest that young adults with chronic ankle instability might be characterized by worse single-stance control in terms of inversion angle, and such worse performance could also be found in the contralateral leg. As such, inertial sensors could be used to assess kinematic parameters during balance tasks in people with chronic ankle instability.

Inertial sensors-based assessment to detect hallmarks of chronic ankle instability during single-leg standing: Is the healthy limb “healthy”?

Deodato, Manuela;Buoite Stella, Alex
;
Ajcevic;Martini, Miriam;Di Lenarda, Luca;Ratti, Chiara;Accardo, Agostino;Murena, Luigi
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background Chronic ankle instability can be common in sportsmen and can increase the risk of damaging the articular surfaces and result in negative consequences to joint health. Balance assessment is often used to evaluate ankle instability characteristics and guide rehabilitation protocols. This study aims to investigate balance-related parameters in people with chronic ankle instability and healthy-matched controls, using inertial sensors. Methods Ten young adults with a history of multiple ankle sprains (30 y, 25–34, 5 females) and ten matched healthy controls (30 y, 23–39, 5 females) were invited to participate in the study. Inertial sensors were placed on the head of the astragalus and on the chest to collect kinematic parameters during a 20-s single-leg stance performed on the leg with ankle instability (and corresponding for the healthy controls) and on the contralateral leg, randomly. Outcomes were calculated with MATLAB and subsequently analyzed. Findings A significant group effect was found only for the inversion angle (F1,15 = 12.514, p = 0.003, pη2 = 0.455), consisting of individuals with ankle instability being characterized by higher inversion angles (4.999 degrees, 95% CI: 1.987–8.011, p = 0.003) without significant side differences. No significant side x group effects were found for the assessed parameters. Interpretation Results from this study suggest that young adults with chronic ankle instability might be characterized by worse single-stance control in terms of inversion angle, and such worse performance could also be found in the contralateral leg. As such, inertial sensors could be used to assess kinematic parameters during balance tasks in people with chronic ankle instability.
2023
29-giu-2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3050538
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