Bladder cancer (BCa) is one of the most diagnosed urological malignancies. A timely and accurate diagnosis is crucial at the first assessment as well as at the follow up after curative treatments. Moreover, in the era of precision medicine, proper molecular characterization and pathological evaluation are key drivers of a patient-tailored management. However, currently available diagnostic tools still suffer from significant operator-dependent variability. To fill this gap, physicians have shown a constantly increasing interest towards new resources able to enhance diagnostic performances. In this regard, several reports have highlighted how artificial intelligence (AI) can produce promising results in the BCa field. In this narrative review, we aimed to analyze the most recent literature exploring current experiences and future perspectives on the role of AI in the BCa scenario. We summarized the most recently investigated applications of AI in BCa management, focusing on how this technology could impact physicians’ accuracy in three widespread diagnostic areas: cystoscopy, clinical tumor (cT) staging, and pathological diagnosis. Our results showed the wide potential of AI in BCa, although larger prospective and well-designed trials are pending to draw definitive conclusions allowing AI to be routinely applied to everyday clinical practice.

Artificial Intelligence in Bladder Cancer Diagnosis: Current Applications and Future Perspectives

Rossin G.;Zorzi F.;Ongaro L.;Piasentin A.;Vedovo F.;Liguori G.;Zucchi A.;Trombetta C.;Claps F.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Bladder cancer (BCa) is one of the most diagnosed urological malignancies. A timely and accurate diagnosis is crucial at the first assessment as well as at the follow up after curative treatments. Moreover, in the era of precision medicine, proper molecular characterization and pathological evaluation are key drivers of a patient-tailored management. However, currently available diagnostic tools still suffer from significant operator-dependent variability. To fill this gap, physicians have shown a constantly increasing interest towards new resources able to enhance diagnostic performances. In this regard, several reports have highlighted how artificial intelligence (AI) can produce promising results in the BCa field. In this narrative review, we aimed to analyze the most recent literature exploring current experiences and future perspectives on the role of AI in the BCa scenario. We summarized the most recently investigated applications of AI in BCa management, focusing on how this technology could impact physicians’ accuracy in three widespread diagnostic areas: cystoscopy, clinical tumor (cT) staging, and pathological diagnosis. Our results showed the wide potential of AI in BCa, although larger prospective and well-designed trials are pending to draw definitive conclusions allowing AI to be routinely applied to everyday clinical practice.
2023
Pubblicato
https://www.mdpi.com/2673-7426/3/1/8
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3066080
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