Quasireal photons exchanged in relativistic heavy ion interactions are powerful probes of the gluonic structure of nuclei. The coherent J=ψ photoproduction cross section in ultraperipheral lead-lead collisions is measured as a function of photon-nucleus center-of-mass energies per nucleon (WPb γN) over a wide range of 40 < WPb γN < 400 GeV. Results are obtained using data at the nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV collected by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.52 nb−1. The cross section is observed to rise rapidly at low WPb γN, and plateau above WPb γN ≈ 40 GeV, up to 400 GeV, entering a new regime of small Bjorken-x (≈6 × 10−5) gluons being probed in a heavy nucleus. The observed energy dependence is not predicted by current quantum chromodynamic models.

Probing small Bjorken-x nuclear gluonic structure via coherent J/psi photoproduction in ultraperipheral PbPb collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 5.02 TeV

CANDELISE, V.;DELLA RICCA, G.;SORRENTINO, G.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Quasireal photons exchanged in relativistic heavy ion interactions are powerful probes of the gluonic structure of nuclei. The coherent J=ψ photoproduction cross section in ultraperipheral lead-lead collisions is measured as a function of photon-nucleus center-of-mass energies per nucleon (WPb γN) over a wide range of 40 < WPb γN < 400 GeV. Results are obtained using data at the nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV collected by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.52 nb−1. The cross section is observed to rise rapidly at low WPb γN, and plateau above WPb γN ≈ 40 GeV, up to 400 GeV, entering a new regime of small Bjorken-x (≈6 × 10−5) gluons being probed in a heavy nucleus. The observed energy dependence is not predicted by current quantum chromodynamic models.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/3066978
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