Background: the sensitivity and specificity of a rapid antibody test were investigated for the screening of healthcare workers. Methods: the serum of 389 health care workers exposed to COVID-19 patients or with symptoms, were analysed. All workers underwent monthly the screening for SARS-CoV-2 with detection of viral RNA in nasopharyngeal swabs by RT-PCR. IgG antibody detection in serum was performed by Chemiluminescence Immunoassay (CLIA) and by the Rapid test (KHB diagnostic kit for SARS CoV-2 IgM/IgG antibody after a median of 7.6 weeks (25°-75° percentiles 6.6-11.5). Results: the rapid test resulted positive in 31/132 (23.5%), 16/135 (11.8%) and 0/122 cases in COVID-19 positive individuals, in those with only SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies and in those negative for both tests, respectively. Sensitivity was 17.6% (CI95% 13.2-22.7) and 23.5% (CI95% 16.5-31.6), and specificity was 100% (CI95% 97-100) and 100% (CI95% 97-100) considering Rapid test vs CLIA IgG or Rapid test vs SARS-CoV-2 positive RNA detection, respectively. Conclusion: the KHB Rapid test is not suitable for the screening of workers with previous COVID-19 infection.

Low sensitivity of rapid tests detecting anti-CoV-2 IgG and IgM in health care workers’ serum for COVID-19 screening

Francesca Larese Filon
;
Antonio Purpuri;Davide Camata;Massimo Bovenzi;Francesca Rui;Federico Ronchese;Paola De Michieli;Alessandro Marcello;Monica Poggianella;Marco Confalonieri;Francesco Salton;Paola Confalonieri;Anna Belgrano;Ludovica Segat;Pierlanfranco D’Agaro;Corrado Negro
2021

Abstract

Background: the sensitivity and specificity of a rapid antibody test were investigated for the screening of healthcare workers. Methods: the serum of 389 health care workers exposed to COVID-19 patients or with symptoms, were analysed. All workers underwent monthly the screening for SARS-CoV-2 with detection of viral RNA in nasopharyngeal swabs by RT-PCR. IgG antibody detection in serum was performed by Chemiluminescence Immunoassay (CLIA) and by the Rapid test (KHB diagnostic kit for SARS CoV-2 IgM/IgG antibody after a median of 7.6 weeks (25°-75° percentiles 6.6-11.5). Results: the rapid test resulted positive in 31/132 (23.5%), 16/135 (11.8%) and 0/122 cases in COVID-19 positive individuals, in those with only SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies and in those negative for both tests, respectively. Sensitivity was 17.6% (CI95% 13.2-22.7) and 23.5% (CI95% 16.5-31.6), and specificity was 100% (CI95% 97-100) and 100% (CI95% 97-100) considering Rapid test vs CLIA IgG or Rapid test vs SARS-CoV-2 positive RNA detection, respectively. Conclusion: the KHB Rapid test is not suitable for the screening of workers with previous COVID-19 infection.
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https://www.mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/lamedicinadellavoro/article/view/11798
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11368/2999276
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